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Title5 Breathing
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preventing injury to the vital organs. The complete exhalation of the “Yell” serves to expel
the tidal air of the lungs thus increasing the breathing or vital capacity of the lungs”.
Training Secrets of Taekwon-Do
“To bring the movement of eyes, hands, feet and breath into a single coordinated action”.
“To exhale briefly at the moment of each blow except a connecting motion”.
Theory of Power
Breath control
“Controlled breathing not only effects one’s stamina and speed but can also condition a
body to receive a blow and augment the power of a blow directed against an opponent.
Through practice, breath stopped in the state of exhaling at the critical moment when a
blow is landed against a pressure point on the body can prevent a loss of consciousness
and stifle pain.A sharp exhaling of breath at the moment of impact and stopping the breath
during the execution of a movement tense the abdomen to concentrate maximum effort on
the delivery of the motion, while a slow inhaling helps the preparation of the next
movement. An important rule to remember : Never inhale while focusing a block or blow
against an opponent. Not only will this impede movement but it will also result in a loss of
power.
Students should also practice disguised breathing to conceal any outward signs of fatigue.
An experienced fighter will certainly press an attack when he realizes his opponent is on
the point of exhaustion.
One breath is required for one movement with the exception of a continuous motion.”
Attack Techniques
“Tense the abdomen at the moment of impact by exhaling sharply”.
“Hold the breath while attacking or blocking”.

“In Tae Kwon Do training, breathing supports the speed. During movements we must hold
our breath for maximum power when striking, attacking or blocking. When we contact the
opponent, breathe out quickly. After contact, inhale slowly. If we inhale during the block, a
light attack can do a lot of damage. Even with a strong attack to you, holding your breath
will reduce the damage. The conclusion is that during action, it is best to hold our breath
when attacked”.

To get a better perception in the concept of breathing , we should go back to some
principles of Oriental Philosophy:
Oriental philosophy is essentially defined by Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism.

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The training and practice used to strengthen Qi circulation is called Qi Gong and consists
in mental and physical exercises and special breathing techniques.
Qi Gong means literally a training or study dealing with Qi taking a long time and a lot of
effort.

There are four major schools of Qi Gong :

Medical Qi Gong for healing is the oldest one. Since the birth of the concept of Qi
circulation in the human body, about four thousand years ago, Chinese doctors have
devoted a major portion of their efforts to the study of Qi. The result was acupuncture,
acupressure and herbal treatment. In addition, they created different sets of Qi Gong
exercises for maintaining health or for curing specific illnesses.
Scholar Qi Gong
There were two major schools: One of them was created by Confucius (551-479BC).
Humanity and the human feelings are the main subjects of study. The basic philosophy of
the Confucianists are Loyalty, Filial Piety, Humanity, Kindness, Trust, Justice, Harmony
and Peace. Confucians were primarily interested in the working of human society rather
than withdrawal and self perfection
The second major school is Taoism, created by Lao Tzu around the 6th century B.C. Lao
Tzu is considered to be the author of the most influential “Tao Te Ching” (Classic on the
Virtue of the Tao) In this book he mentions certain breathing techniques. This is the first
record of using breathing techniques to increase Qi circulation and thereby to increase the
length of life.Taoists are associated with withdrawal from society to perfect the self.

Both Schools emphasized maintaining health and preventing disease. They believed that
many illnesses are caused by mental and emotional excesses, and the scholars put special
importance on gaining a peaceful mind through meditation. Their training focused on
regulating mind, body and breath.
Religious Qi Gong. The main purpose of their training is to reach enlightenment or
Buddhahood. Buddhism believes that all human suffering is caused by the seven passions
(joy, anger, sorrow, fear, love, hate and lust) and by the six desires (generated from the six
roots -eyes, ears, nose, tongue, body and mind), and that Qi Gong training enables them to
keep their spirit independent, so they can escape the cycle of repeated reincarnation. Their
primary method was still meditation with breathing directed toward stilling the mind.

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