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Eric Schiller, widely considered one of the world’s foremost chess analysts, writers, and

teachers, is internationally recognized for his definitive works on openings. He is the author
of 87 chess books including Cardoza Publishing’s definitive series on openings, World Cham-
pion Openings, Standard Chess Openings, and Unorthodox Chess Openings — an exhaustive open-
ing library of more than 1700 pages. He’s also the author of Encyclopedia of Chess Wisdom,
Gambit Opening Repertoire for White, Gambit Opening Repertoire for Black, Complete Defense to
King Pawn Openings, Complete Defense to Queen Pawn Openings, and multiple other chess titles
for Cardoza Publishing. (For listings of all chess titles published by Cardoza Publishing, go
online to

Eric Schiller is a National and Life Master, an International Arbiter of F.I.D.E., and the
official trainer for many of America’s top young players. He has recently been reappointed as
official coach of America’s best players under 18 to represent the United States at the Chess
World Championships. He has also presided over world championship matches dating back
to 1983, runs prestigious international tournaments, and has been interviewed dozens of
times in major media throughout the world. His games have been featured in leading chess
journals and newspapers including the venerable New York Times. Schiller has helped design
some of the most popular chess software being used today. Eric Schiller’s web site is

Eric, who has trained many of the brightest chess prodigies and students of all levels, adds
four decades of the experiences at the chessboard to bring readers the whole world of chess.

Eric is the senior editor of the free online chess magazine,


STANDARD CHESS OPENINGS - The new standard on opening chess play, references every important opening
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WORLD CHAMPION OPENINGS - Covers the essential opening theory and moves of every major chess opening
and variation as played by all the world champions. Learn the insights, concepts and secrets as used by the greatest
players of all time. 384 pages, $18.95
COMPLETE DEFENSE TO QUEEN PAWN OPENINGS - This aggressive counterattacking repertoire covers Black
opening systems against virtually all chess opening except for 1.e4 (including f lank games), based on the powerful
Tarrasch Defense. 288 pages, $16.95.
COMPLETE DEFENSE TO KING PAWN OPENINGS - Learn a complete defensive system against 1.e4 based on
the mighty Caro-Kann, a favorite weapon of many great players. All White’s options are shown with plans for Black
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WHIZ KIDS TEACH CHESS Eric Schiller and the Whiz Kids - Today’s greatest young stars, from 10 to 17 years of age–
tells of their successes, failures, world travels, and love of the game. At the heart of this book is a chess primer with
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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHESS WISDOM, The Essential Concepts and Strategies of Smart Chess Play by Eric Schiller
The most important concepts, strategies, tactics, wisdom, and thinking that every chessplayer must know, plus the
gold nuggets of knowledge behind every attack and defense, all in one volume. 432 pages, $19.95.

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This is a multipurpose move. The knight will take up a new post at e6. At the same
time, the bishop at d7 can support an advance of the a-pawn, and the c-file can be
contested by a rook at c8.

22.Ne1? This is a very poor move contributes nothing to the kingside attack. White
will soon regret his folly. The correct move was 22.Rg1.

22...Bc8; 23.Qd2. The knight is evidently headed for d3. In any case, White did
not want to allow Black to move the bishop to a6. 23...Ne6! White cannot complete
the maneuver, because the pawn at d4 would not be defended if the knight gets in the
way of the queen.

24.Rc6? White has no support at all for a queenside invasion. The impudent rook
is chased away. 24...Qb7!; 25.Rc2 Bd7; 26.N1g2 Rac8!; 27.Rxc8 Nxc8. The rook was
unavailable for recapturing duty because it needed to remain in a position to guard
the f-pawn.

28.Nc2 Ne7; 29.Bd3 Bb5!; Black exchanges bishops. The tide has turned and the
blockaded White center is weak. 30.Rf3 Rc8; 31.Bxb5 Qxb5; 32.Kg1.


White counts on using f2 as a safe square. The hole at c3 is the reward for Black’s
bold queenside strategy starting at move 17. In his concern for the king, White over-

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looked a simple tactic. 32.Nge3 was the best defense. At least the Black knight at e6 is
tied to the defense of the pawns. 32...Rc3; 33.Rf1 Qd3; 34.Qg2 Qe4 would also be
unpleasant. Black threatens to capture at d4, but the exchange of queens does not
help. 35.Qxe4 dxe4; 36.Rf2 Nxd4!; 37.Nxd4 Rxe3; 38.Rc2 Rc3 followed by ...Nd5 would
still be difficult to defend.

32...Rxc2!; 33.Qxc2 Nxd4; 34.Qc7 A desperate try to stay in the game, but after
34...Nxf3+; 35.Kf2 Nd4, White resigned. 36.Qxe7 is mated by 36...Qe2+; 37.Kg3 Qf3+;
38.Kh4 Qg4#.

When you control greater space, you can more freely maneuver your pieces and

shift them quickly from one side of the board to another. The space you control is
generally an area behind your pawn barrier, if it is intact, or within the scope of your
pieces. Remember that a square is within the scope of your piece if it can reach that
square in one move, and it doesn’t matter whether or not your piece would be under
attack on the target square.


This position arose in a 1989 game between Glek and Yanvarov, played in the
Soviet Union. White controls much more space in the center and on the kingside.
Although there are no immediate threats, Black is in trouble. White starts by reposi-
tioning the bishop on the important central square d4.

16.Be3 Qb4; 17.Bd4 bxa4. Black is making progress on the queenside, but it is
irrelevant. 18.0-0! White mobilizes more force by bringing the rook to the f-file. From
there it can maneuver, thanks to the free space, to the g-file or h-file as needed.

18...Nc5; 19.e6! Bxd4+? The best defense is 19...fxe6; 20.Bxg7 Kxg7; 21.dxe6 Qxb2;
22.Qe5+ Rf6; 23.Qxc5! Qxc3; 24.Ne5!! A fantastic move, blocking the defense of f6, so
that now Qxe7 really is a threat. White controls the space all over the board. 24...Nc6
buys a little time, but 25.Qxc6 Qd4+; 26.Kh1 Ra7; 27.Qxc8 Qxe5; 28.Qxc4 Qxe6;
29.Qxe6 Rxe6; 30.Rxa4 is a simple enough win.

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In Norwood vs. Tiviakov, from Calcutta 1993, Black opts to go after the pawn at

23...b4!; 24.Bb1 bxc3; 25.bxc3 Kc7! Black will now use the open file for infiltra-
tion. 26.Nf4 Qa3; 27.Qf2 Rb8. White is in a desperate situation. He tried a sacrifice at
f5 but after 28.Bxf5!? Bxf4; 29.Qxf4 exf5; 30.Rg7 Rb2!; 31.Rxf7+ Kb6; 32.h4 Qxc3
the base of the chain falls, and the other pawns are vulnerable. Black won without


This is an excellent example of attacking the neck of the pawn chain, which is the
pawn just below the head. Black not only uses the c5xd4 capture (twice!) but finished
up with an attack on the head of the pawn chain, giving us two lessons in one! Our
teacher is Bent Larsen, playing Black against O’Donnell in a 1970 game played in the

24...cxd4; 25.exd4. Both pawns chains are undoubled. Larsen continues vigor-
ously in pursuit of his target. 25...c5! 26.Rc2 Rc7; 27.Ke3 g5; 28.Ne1. The knight
heads for a more useful post at d3, where it can protect b2, at least temporarily.

28...cxd4+! 29.cxd4 Rb3+; 30.Kd2 Bd8!; 31.Rxc7 Bxc7; 32.Nd3. White defends
b2, but the pawn at d4, our old target, is undefended. 32...Bb6!; 33.Ke3.

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Now there are pins at d3 and d4, which means that e5, despite all appearances, is
actually undefended! Larsen relentlessly continues the assault, not minding a little
sacrifice along the way.

33...f6!; 34.exf6 e5!; 35.Kd2. The pawn cannot be captured because of the pins, so
the king retreats. 35...e4! The knight is chased, and the b-pawn falls.

36.Nc5 Rxb2+; 37.Ke3. Black now enters a winning king and pawn endgame.
37...Rxe2+; 38.Kxe2 Kf7; 39.Ke3 Bxc5; 40.dxc5 Kxf6; 41.Kd4 Ke6; 42.Ke3 Ke5; 43.g3
d4+. White resigned.

Summing up, the art of chess strategy lies in understanding broad and general
concepts, such as those we have examined in this chapter. Now we turn to more spe-
cific matters, the tactical operations which take advantage of successful strategic plan-
ning or mistakes by your opponents.

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