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TitleDeborah L. Madsen Feminist Theory and Literary Practice 2000
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Total Pages264
Table of Contents
                            Contents
Preface
Introduction: Feminism in America
1 Gender and Rhetoric: Liberal Feminism and Mary Rowlandson
	Survey of Liberal Feminist Theory
	Liberal Feminism in Praxis
	References and Selected Further Reading
2 Gender and Work: Marxist Feminism and Charlotte Perkins Gilman
	Survey of Marxist Feminist Theory
	Marxist Feminism in Praxis
	References and Selected Further Reading
3 Gender and Consciousness: Psychoanalytic Feminism and Kate Chopin
	Survey of Psychoanalytic Feminist Theory
	Psychoanalytic Feminism in Praxis
	References and Selected Further Reading
4 Gender and Nature: Eco-feminism and Willa Cather
	Survey of Eco-feminist Theory
	Eco-feminism in Praxis
	References and Selected Further Reading
5 Gender and Sexuality: Radical Feminism and Adrienne Rich
	Survey of Radical Feminist Theory
	Radical Feminism in Praxis:
	References and Selected Further Reading
6 Gender and Class: Socialist Feminism and Ann Beattie
	Survey of Socialist Feminist Theory
	Socialist Feminism in Praxis
	References and Selected Further Reading
7 Gender and Race: Feminism of Colour and Alice Walker, Denise Chávez, Leslie Marmon Silko, Maxine Hong Kingston
	Survey of Feminism of Colour
	Third- World Feminism in Praxis
	References and Selected Further Reading
Index
	abolition
		38
		214
		227
	abolition,
		3
		4
	abortion
		7
		8
		23
		99
		155
		217
	Adams, Carol
		14
		122
		131-5
	affirmative action
		7
		216
	AIDS 29
	alienation 19
	Allen, Paula Gunn
		213
		218-19
		235
	Althusser, Louis
		70
		71-2
	America
		colonial,  2
		colonial,  47-62
		Revolutionary,  3
		Revolutionary,  3
		Revolutionary,  35
		Revolutionary,  35
	American Constitution
		7
		36
	anarchism 67
	androgyny
		19
		128
		165
	Angelou, Maya 226
	anorexia 26
	Anthony, Susan B.
		1
		3
		4
		6
	anthropology 46
	Anzaldúa, Gloria
		213
		217
		218
		219
	Aristotle 126
	art
		24
		66
		74
		128
		159
		176
	Auden, W.H. 173
	Austen, Jane
		74
		89
	avant-garde
		19
		98
	backlash
		23
		26-7
		28
	Barrett, Michèle
		65
		67
		69-72
		73
	Baym, Nina 16
	Beattie, Ann
		xi
		184
		196-210
	Beauvoir, Simone de
		94
		191
	Benhabib, Seyla 37
	Bible
		47
		51
		52
		54
		57
		137
	Bigwood, Carol
		122
		125
		126-9
	binary thought
		19
		94
		96
		104
		123
		124
	biology
		16
		19
		36
		46
		70
		97
		99
	bisexuality
		19
		97
	Blatch, Harriet Stanton 6
	body
		66
		97
		103
		104
		106
		107
		feminine,  10
		feminine,  153
		feminine,  155
		feminine,  171
		feminine,  191
		feminine,  217
		maternal,  22
		maternal,  22
		maternal,  130
		maternal,  130
	Brownmiller, Susan 12
	bulimia 26
	Bunch, Charlotte 156
	Butler, Judith
		2
		20-2
	Campion, Thomas 175
	canon
		x
		67
		72
		187
	capitalism
		20
		36
		41
		43
		65
		66
		67
	captivity
		49
		50
		53
		56
		57
		59
		61
	captivity narrative 49-62
	Cather, Willa
		122
		135-47
	censorship
		25
		36
	charity 7
	Chicanas
		219
		229
	childcare
		7
		37
		43
		78
		80
		86
		171
	Chodorow, Nancy
		18
		20
		95
		171
	Chopin, Kate
		x
		108-18
	Christianity 5
	Chávez, Denise
		214
		220
		229-32
		235
	Cisneros, Sandra 220
	civil liberty
		23
		24
	civil rights
		3
		7
		8
		9
		15
		30
		173
		187
	Cixous, Hélène
		19
		28
		97
		127
	Clark, Edward W. 60
	class
		xii
		22
		37
		65
		66
		67
		68
		71
	colonialism
		133
		134
		179
	commodity
		68
		69
		129
		131
		190
		191
	Constitutional Convention 3
	consumer, woman as
		65
		80
		129
		184
	consumption 134
	contraception
		155
		192
		217
	covenant, federal
		48
		52
		57
	Curie, Marie 175
	d'Eaubonne, Françoise 122
	Daly, Mary
		152
		155
		156
		163-7
		168
	Davis, Angela
		2
		213
		214
		226
		227
	Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions
		6
		39
	deconstruction
		22
		132
		134
	democracy
		25
		48
	Derrida, Jacques 126
	Descartes, René 104
	desire
		19
		20
		45
		105
		107
		108
	Dickinson, Emily 175
	Diderot, Denis 175
	discourse
		18
		19
		21
		22
		47
		106
		156
	discrimination
		36
		69
		97
		154
		155
		156
	divorce
		3
		6
		27
		39
		40
		70
	domesticity
		36
		37
		39
		40
		42
		56
		66
	Duras, Marguerite 19
	Dustan, Hannah 49
	Dworkin, Andrea
		14
		24
		152
		156
		160-3
	eco-feminism
		13-14
		122-47
	ecology
		xii
		129
		130
	economics
		35
		36
		37
		42
		65
		67
		68
	education
		5
		7
		15
		16
		27
		36
		40
		41
	Eisenstein, Zillah
		184
		187
		193-6
	Eliot, George 89
	emancipation
		38
		39
	Emerson, Ralph Waldo 4
	Engels, Frederick
		156
		157
	Enlightenment, the 47
	environmentalism 130
	equal rights
		77
		188
		216
	Equal Rights Amendment
		6
		7
		8
		36
	Erikson, Erik 100-1
	erotic
		154
		155
		168
		169
		171
		172
	erotica
		11
		25
	essentialism
		17
		18
		21
		36
		128
		131
	Evans, Sara 8-9
	evolution 41
	Faludi, Susan
		2
		23
		26-8
		30
	family
		25
		39
		43
		46
		47
		48
		49
	fashion 27
	Father, the
		95
		96
		98
		103
		105
		106
	femininity
		13
		19
		22
		36
		41
		44
		46
	feminism
		cultural,  20
		cultural,  21
		cultural,  22
		cultural,  97
		cultural,  98
		cultural,  123
		eco-feminism,  13-14
		eco-feminism,  122-47
		First Wave,  3-7
		French,  2
		French,  18-20
		French,  97
		French,  105
		liberal feminism,  35-62
		liberal feminism,  155
		liberal feminism,  216
		literary theory,  14-22
		Marxist feminism, xi,  65-92
		postmodern,  2
		postmodern,  20
		postmodern,  22
		psychoanalytic feminism,  94-118
		psychoanalytic feminism,  124
		psychoanalytic feminism,  185
		radical,  28
		radical,  70
		radical,  71
		radical,  126
		radical,  152-80
		radical,  193
		Second Wave,  7-14
		Second Wave,  26
		Second Wave,  187
		Second Wave,  190
		Second Wave,  215
		socialist feminism, xi,  36
		socialist feminism, xi,  36
		socialist feminism, xi,  66
		socialist feminism, xi,  66
		socialist feminism, xi,  184-210
		socialist feminism, xi,  184-210
	Fetterley, Judith
		17
		186
		187
	Firestone, Shulamith
		1
		70
		152
		156
	Fitzgerald, F. Scott 186
	Flax, Jane
		94
		98
		102-5
	Foucault, Michel
		22
		126
	freedom
		108
		109
		117
	French feminism
		2
		18-20
		97
		105
	Freud, Sigmund
		18
		19
		46
		94
		99
		100
		105
	Friedan, Betty
		1
		7
		35
		38
		43-7
		190
		215
	frontier, the
		135
		136
		139
	Fuller, Margaret
		1
		4-6
	Gallop, Jane
		94
		98
	gaze, the masculine
		20
		21
	gender
		essence,  17
		essence,  17
		essence,  18
		essence,  18
		essence,  19
		essence,  19
		essence,  21
		essence,  21
		essence,  97
		essence,  97
		essence,  99
		essence,  99
		xii,  15
		xii,  17
		xii,  19
		xii,  21
		xii,  22
		xii,  38
		xii,  40
	Genet, Jean 97
	genocide
		217
		232
	genre 16
	Gilbert, Sandra 16
	Gilligan, Carol
		94
		98-101
		102
		171
	Gilman, Charlotte Perkins
		xi
		1
		35
		38
		41-3
		65
		76-92
	Goldman, Emma
		65
		67-9
	Gothic
		76
		88
		90
	Griffin, Susan 13
	Guadalupe Hidalgo, Treaty of
		217
		233
	Gubar, Susan 16
	harassment, sexual
		28
		29
	Harjo, Joy 218
	Hartsock, Nancy
		66
		83
		186
	Hefner, Hugh 9-10
	Heidegger, Martin 126
	Hemingway, Ernest 186
	Herschel, Caroline 175
	heterosexuality
		21
		22
		97
		126
		156
		167
		compulsory  2
		compulsory  152
		compulsory  154-5
		compulsory  170-3
		hierarchy,  122
		hierarchy,  122
		hierarchy,  123
		hierarchy,  123
		hierarchy,  124
		hierarchy,  124
		hierarchy,  126
		hierarchy,  126
		hierarchy,  131
		hierarchy,  131
		hierarchy,  132
		hierarchy,  132
	historical materialism
		70
		72
	history
		14
		18
		74
		99
		156
		169
	Hobbes, Thomas 104
	hooks, bell
		2
		213
		215
		216
		226
		229
	Howells, William Dean
		76
		88-9
		90
	ideology
		50
		71
		72
		73
		76
		89
		91
	incest
		22
		26
		166
		172
		221
		226
	Indians, American
		49
		51
		52
		53
		56
		61
		64
	individualism
		24
		29
		36
		39
		46
		48
		49
	infertility 27
	Irigaray, Luce
		19
		105
		106
		107
		127
	James, Henry 75
	Johnson, Dr Samuel 175
	Jones, Gayle 226
	Joyce, James
		19
		97
	Judeo-Christianity
		24
		26
	Kennedy, John F. 8
	King, Ynestra
		14
		122
		125
	Kingston, Maxine Hong
		x
		153
		214
		217
		220
		229
	Koedt, Anne 156
	Kolodny, Annette 51
	Kristeva, Julia
		19
		22
	labour, sexual division of
		43
		65
		71
		76
		78
		189
		190
	Lacan, Jacques
		19
		20
		95
		105
	language
		16
		18
		19
		25
		26
		42
		44
	law
		12
		14
		25
		29
		37
		39
		40
	Lawrence, D.H. 15
	legislation
		18
		26
		28
		36
	lesbian feminism
		2
		152
		155
		167
		170
		173
	lesbianism
		154-5
		156
		165
		171
		172
	liberal feminism
		35-62
		155
		216
	Lispector, Clarice 19
	Lorde, Audre
		xi
		2
		152
		155
		156
		167-9
		172
	Lovelace, Linda 11-12
	MacKinnon, Catherine
		14
		24
		29
		30
		154
	madness
		20
		42
		82
		84
		86
		88
		90
	Mailer, Norman 15
	marriage
		xii
		39
		40
		41
		42
		43
		44
		45
	Marx, Karl
		66
		156
		192
		195
	Marxism
		105
		187
		189
		190
		191
		193
	Marxist feminism
		xi
		65-92
	masculinity
		12
		13
		15
		19
		22
		36
		66
		146
		165
		217
		218
		225
	masochism 12
	maternity
		39
		42
		43
		45
		48
		78
		80
	Mather, Cotton
		49
		50
	Mather, Increase 49
	Mead, Margaret 46
	media
		27
		46
	Merchant, Carolyn
		122
		129-31
	Merleau-Ponty, Maurice 126
	militarism
		13
		133
		176
		177
		179
	Millett, Kate
		2
		15-16
	Minneapolis Anti-Pornography Ordinance 14
	misogyny
		xii
		15
		19
		83
		104
		152
		153
	Mitchell, Juliet
		184
		187-9
	Modernism 173
	Moers, Ellen 16
	morality
		24
		68
		69
		73
		99
		101
		131
	Morrison, Toni 226
	mother, the
		19
		20
		42
		171
		176
		184
	mutilation
		xii
		153
		166
		168
		172
		228
		237
	National Organization of Women [NOW]
		7
		8
		13
		26
	Native Americans
		49
		51
		52
		53
		56
		61
		64
	nature
		13
		18
		21
		24
		25
		26
		41
	New Left
		8
		9
		72
	New Right 23
	Nietzsche, Friedrich 126
	Nightingale, Florence 231
	Oedipal stage
		19-20
		94-6
		99
		100
		102
	opportunity, equality of
		35
		38
		39
		43
	pagan tradition
		24
		26
	Paglia, Camille
		2
		23-6
		28
		29
		30
	Paine, Thomas 3
	parenting 20
	paternalism 124
	patriarchy
		xii
		11
		12
		13
		15
		17
		20
		22
	Paul, Alice 6
	penis envy
		95
		113
	performativity 21
	phallogocentrism
		22
		126
		127
	phallus
		22
		105
		106
		126
	Phillipps, Wendell 38
	philosophy
		14
		15
		18
		102
		104
		126
	pioneer
		135
		136
		140
	Plath, Sylvia 209
	Plato
		104
		126
	Playboy 10
	Poe, Edgar Allan 88
	political theory
		14
		15
		17
		104
		105
	politics, sexual
		22
		158
		188
		205
		210
	pornography
		11
		12
		13
		14
		24
		25
		28
	post-feminism
		2
		23-30
	postmodern feminism
		2
		20
		22
	poststructuralism
		123
		127
		128
	power
		20
		22
		23
		25
		35
		40
		47
	production, means of
		65
		70
		71
		75
		126
		130
	prostitution
		10
		11
		12
		13
		23
		67
		68
	psychoanalysis
		18
		22
		46
		158
	psychoanalytic feminism
		94-118
		124
		185
	psychology 27
	psychosis
		19
		96
		100
	publishing
		67
		88
	Puritans
		2
		47-62
	race
		xii
		22
		37
		38
		123
		125
		128
	radical feminism
		28
		70
		71
		152-80
		193
	rape
		11
		12-13
		25
		26
		29
		61
	reading
		16
		17
		18
		66
		67
		85
		88
	reform
		7
		28
		35
		36
		37
		40
		43
	religion
		160
		162
		163
		217
	reproduction
		13
		21
		41
		43
		46
		65
		70
	reproductive rights 27
	Rich, Adrienne
		xi
		2
		152
		154
		156
		169
	Robinson, Lillian
		65
		67
		72-6
	Roiphe, Katie
		28-9
		30
	Romanticism 24
	Rosenberg, Ethel 175
	Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 104
	Rowbotham, Shiela
		184
		187
		190-3
	Rowlandson, Joseph 49-50
	Rowlandson, Mary
		xi
		47-62
	saints, New England
		48
		49
		50
		51
		52
		55
		57
	Salisbury, Neal 49-50
	science
		13
		15
		125
		159
	Seneca Falls Convention
		1
		4
		6
		38
		39
	separatism
		7
		123
	sexuality
		19
		23
		24
		70
		75
		95
		105
		feminine,  9
		feminine,  9
		feminine,  11
		feminine,  11
		feminine,  15
		feminine,  15
		feminine,  217
		feminine,  217
		feminine,  229
		feminine,  229
	Showalter, Elaine 118
	silence
		18
		19
		45
		162
		169
		175
	Silko, Leslie Marmon
		x
		214
		220
		229
		232-5
	slavery
		xii
		3
		4
		5
		38
		39
		61
		67
		69
	socialism 71
	socialist feminism
		xi
		36
		66
		184-210
	Socrates 126
	Spacks, Patricia Meyer 16
	species
		133
		171
	Stanton, Elizabeth Cady
		1
		3
		4
		6
		35
		37
		38-40
	Steinem, Gloria
		2
		9-12
		25
	stereotypes
		18
		20
		41
		81
		86
		160
		161
	Stone, Lucy 6
	structuralism 22
	suffrage
		6
		7
		38
		40
		43
		67
		190
	Swarton, Hannah
		49
		58
	Third World
		8
		124
		125
		130
		131
		187
	torture
		11
		153
	tradition, women's literary 16
	Transcendentalism 4
	typology 47-62
	universalism
		17
		18
		89
		101
		128
	utopianism
		77
		87
	Vaughn, Alden T. 60
	vegetarianism 134
	violence
		11
		12
		13
		14
		25
		28
		53
	vivisection
		124
		134
		166
	vote, right to
		47
		221
	Walker, Alice
		153
		214
		217
		220
		221-9
	Wharton, Edith 75
	wilderness
		135
		136
		137
		142
	Winthrop, John 2
	witches
		164
		166
	Wittig, Monique 22
	Wollstonecraft, Mary 175
	women's clubs 7
	Women's Movement
		15
		17
		23
		27
		28
		73
		160
	Women's Studies 14
	women's writing
		ix
		37
		74
		88
	Woolf, Virginia
		74
		75
	work
		27
		37
		43
		45
		66
		71
		78
	writing
		76
		81
		85
		87
		88
		97
		123
	Yarbro-Bejarano, Yvonne 216
	écriture féminine
		19
		20
		94
		97
                        
Document Text Contents
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Shaw, Pat, 1994. ‘Putting Audience in Its Place: Psychosexu-
ality and Perspective Shifts in ��� ������
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Keesey, ed., �����"�� ��� ��


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Mayfield, pp. 179–185.

Elaine Showalter, 1994.

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��. Oxford & New York: Oxford
University Press, ch.4 ‘��� ������
��: Tradition and the
American Female Talent’, pp.65–84.

Stange, Margit, 1989. ‘Personal Property: Exchange Value and
the Female Self in ��� ������
��’, �������, vol. 5 (July),
pp. 106–119.

Taylor, Walter & Jo Ann B. Fineman, 1996. ‘Kate Chopin: Pre-
Freudian Freudian’,
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������ E������, vol. 29, no. 1
(Fall), pp. 35–45.

Toth, Emily, 1991. ‘Kate Chopin’s ��� ������
�� as Feminist
Criticism’,
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pp. 4–41.

Walker, Nancy A., ed., 1993. B��� ����
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Wershoven, C. J., 1987. ‘��� ������
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���: Studies of Arrested Development’, � ��
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Wolff, Cynthia Griffin, 1996. ‘Un Utterable Longing: The
Discourse of Feminine Sexuality in ��� ������
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Wright, Elizabeth, 1998. ������������
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Polity Press.

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Page 133

4

Gender and Nature:
Eco-feminism and Willa Cather

This chapter begins with a survey of eco-feminist theorists,
focusing upon Carol Adams’s Neither Man Nor Beast (1994),
Carol Bigwood’s Earth Muse: Feminism, Nature, Art (1993) and
Carolyn Merchant’s Radical Ecology (1992). The primary the-
oretical concepts explored here include: concepts of power
and domination in relation to the feminisation of the
powerless; the issue of hierarchy and the scale of value that
organises and privileges all creation in terms recognised, and
prescribed, by human culture; and gender identity which is
viewed as predominantly cultural rather than sexual in that
disempowered men are ‘feminised’ within the terms of
Western patriarchal culture. In the section that follows, I turn
to the ecofeminist analysis of Willa Cather’s Plains Fiction –
in particular My Ántonia, O Pioneers! and the short story
‘Neighbour Rosicky’.

Survey of Eco-Feminist Theory

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The term ecofeminism or ‘eco-feminisme’ was coined by the
French writer Françoise d’Eaubonne in 1974 as part of her
call to women to save the planet (see d’Eaubonne, 1980). The
concept was developed by Ynestra King, at the Institute for
Social Ecology in Vermont, and the idea became a movement
in 1980 with the Amherst conference ‘Women and Life on
Earth: Ecofeminism in the Eighties’ (see Merchant, 1992, p.
184). Ecofeminism analyses the relationship between the
patriarchal oppression of women and the human
domination of non-human nature. In this respect, ecofemi-

122

Page 263

Paul, Alice, 6
penis envy, 95, 113
performativity, 21
Phillipps, Wendell, 38
philosophy, 14, 15, 18, 102,

104, 126, 127, 128, 129,
131, 160

pioneer, 135, 136, 140
phallogocentrism, 22, 126,

127
phallus, 22, 105, 106, 126
Plath, Sylvia, 209
Plato, 104, 126
Playboy, 10
Poe, Edgar Allan, 88
political theory, 14, 15, 17,

104, 105
politics, sexual, 22, 158, 188,

205, 210
pornography, 11, 12, 13, 14,

24, 25, 28, 29, 36, 133,
153, 166, 168, 171, 172,
184

post-feminism, 2, 23–30
postmodern feminism, 2, 20,

22
poststructuralism, 123, 127,

128
power, 20, 22, 23, 25, 35, 40,

47, 49, 56, 57, 59, 70, 75,
82, 99, 102, 103, 104,
106, 122, 123, 124, 126,
133, 137, 141, 147, 153,
154, 155, 158, 159, 161,
168, 173, 175, 184, 185,
186, 187, 194, 195, 196,
199, 200, 201, 202, 203,
205, 206, 208, 210, 213,
215, 216, 224

production, means of, 65, 70,
71, 75, 126, 130, 186,
191, 192, 194, 196

prostitution, 10, 11, 12, 13,
23, 67, 68, 69, 75, 166,
172, 217, 236

psychoanalysis, 18, 22, 46,
158

psychoanalytic feminism,
94–118, 124, 185

psychology, 27
psychosis, 19, 96, 100
publishing, 67, 88
Puritans, 2, 47–62

race, xii, 22, 37, 38, 123, 125,
128, 129, 130, 131, 133,
158, 159, 163, 167, 176,
179, 184, 195, 196,
213–38

radical feminism, 28, 70, 71,
152–80, 193

rape, 11, 12–13, 25, 26, 29,
61, 153, 161, 172, 221,
225, 226

reading, 16, 17, 18, 66, 67, 85,
88, 184, 186, 205, 206,
207, 223

reform, 7, 28, 35, 36, 37, 40,
43, 155

religion, 160, 162, 163, 217
reproduction, 13, 21, 41, 43,

46, 65, 70, 71, 106, 125,
126, 130, 155, 157, 159,
160, 166, 171, 184, 189,
194, 196, 209

reproductive rights, 27
Rich, Adrienne, xi, 2, 152,

154, 156, 169, 170–80
Robinson, Lillian, 65, 67,

72–6
Romanticism, 24
Roiphe, Katie, 28–9, 30
Rosenberg, Ethel, 175
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 104
Rowbotham, Shiela, 184, 187,

190–3
Rowlandson, Joseph, 49–50
Rowlandson, Mary, xi, 47–62

saints, New England, 48, 49,
50, 51, 52, 55, 57, 59

252 !�

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��

Page 264

Salisbury, Neal, 49–50
science, 13, 15, 125, 159
Seneca Falls Convention, 1, 4,

6, 38, 39
separatism, 7, 123
sexuality, 19, 23, 24, 70, 75,

95, 105, 106, 117, 153,
154, 155, 156, 158, 160,
168, 170, 174, 178, 179,
184, 190, 213, 218, 225,
226

feminine, 9, 11, 15, 217,
229

Showalter, Elaine, 118
silence, 18, 19, 45, 162, 169,

175, 201, 219, 227, 237
Silko, Leslie Marmon, x, 214,

220, 229, 232–5
slavery, xii, 3, 4, 5, 38, 39, 61,

67, 69, 159, 214, 217, 219,
225, 226, 227, 228, 236

socialism, 71
socialist feminism, xi, 36, 66,

184–210
Socrates, 126
Spacks, Patricia Meyer, 16
species, 133, 171
Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1, 3,

4, 6, 35, 37, 38–40, 214
Steinem, Gloria, 2, 9–12, 25
stereotypes, 18, 20, 41, 81, 86,

160, 161, 195, 209, 210,
230

Stone, Lucy, 6
structuralism, 22
suffrage, 6, 7, 38, 40, 43, 67,

190
Swarton, Hannah, 49, 58

Third World, 8, 124, 125, 130,
131, 187

torture, 11, 153
tradition, women’s literary, 16

Transcendentalism, 4
typology, 47–62

universalism, 17, 18, 89, 101,
128

utopianism, 77, 87

Vaughn, Alden T., 60
vegetarianism, 134
violence, 11, 12, 13, 14, 25,

28, 53, 56, 83, 85, 126,
133, 152, 155, 161, 162,
165, 166, 167, 170, 171,
172, 173, 176, 177, 178,
179, 180, 184, 201, 225,
226, 228

vivisection, 124, 134, 166
vote, right to, 47, 221

Walker, Alice, 153, 214, 217,
220, 221–9

Wharton, Edith, 75
wilderness, 135, 136, 137, 142
Winthrop, John, 2
witches, 164, 166
Wittig, Monique, 22
work, 27, 37, 43, 45, 66, 71,

78, 86, 87, 116, 184, 188,
190, 192, 202, 204, 206,
215

women’s clubs, 7
Women’s Movement, 15, 17,

23, 27, 28, 73, 160, 167,
187, 188, 213, 215

women’s writing, ix, 37, 74,
88

Women’s Studies, 14
Wollstonecraft, Mary, 175
Woolf, Virginia, 74, 75
writing, 76, 81, 85, 87, 88, 97,

123, 209, 220, 221, 222

Yarbro-Bejarano, Yvonne, 216

.���" 253

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