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TitleDoctor Tawtaw Soe
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Page 1

tcsdefu n 9em&DcGJvkjyD/
&efukef rtlukef;&yfuGufonf aeUvnfbufwGif vlpnfum;oavmuf neufvmvQif
vltoGm;
tvmu jywfvmjrJjzpfonf/

123vrf;xJ&Sd ]xGef;awmuf} aq;cef;xJwGif a'gufwmudkvwfwa,mufxJ
pmxdkifzwfaerd\/
rdk;zGJzGJ&GmaeonfrdkU n8em&Dausmfavmufuwnf;u aq;cef;udk vlemrvmawmh ...
9em&DcGJ aq;cef;ydwfcsdeftxdawmh vlem rvmvnf; rjyefao;yJ
qufxdkifaewwfonfu udkvwf
tusifhjzpfaejyD/ apmao;vQif um;vrf;ay:wGifum;awGu
jynhfMuyfaewwfao;onfrdkU um;armif;&wm armif;vdkUraumif;/ ..
9em&DcGJESihfq,fem&DMum;xJavmufqdkrS um;&Sif;jyD; armif;vdkUaumif;\
wcgwcgawmhvJ vlemrvmygyJ xdkifae&wm ysif;p&maumif;vSonf/ tvkyfr&Sdawmh
pdwfawGuvJ [dka&muf'Da&muf ... /

'DaeUawmh udkvwfpdwfxJ &GmrSi,f&nf;pm; eDvmhudk xl;xl;jcm;jcm;owd&aerdonf/ ..
oluom
owd&aerdwmyg ... eDvmuawmh olUudk pdwful;xJawmifxnhfawmhrnfr[kwfrSef;vJ
olodaeonf/
&nf;pm;jzpfjyD;vdkUrS wESpfrjynhfao;cif eDvmhtarqHk;yg;oGm;wm ausmif;wuf&if;
owif;Mum;vdkuf&\/ ..
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csufjcif;rjyefedkifao;yJ
tm;ay;pum;awGom vlMuHKyg;vdkuf pmxnhfvdkuf vkyfaecJh&onf/ .. a[m
ausmif;ydwf&ufa&muf
vdkU olvJ &Gmjyefa&m owif;aumif;u qD;MudKaeygawmhonf/ .. eDvmwa,muf
olr\yaxG;
udkausmfeSihf twdtvif;,lvdkufMujyDwJh ... / aumif;ygonf .. aumif;Muygayonf/ ..
oGm;avol tarhrsufeSmrSraxmuf .. / olUrsufeSmvJraxmuf ...
b,folUrsufeSmrSraxmuf ... vkyfyHk vkyfyHk? eDvmwdkUvkyfcsvdkufyHku udkvwfqvHo
oGm;&onf/ &Gmudkvnf; tJ'Duwnf;u udkvwf vHk;0rjyefawmh/ ,dkolu
r&Sufayr,hf jrifolu &Sufonfav .. /

b,favmufyJ pdwfemonfqdkqdk yxrqHk;&nf;pm;rdkU udkvwf eDvmhudk arhr&ao; ... /
eDvmhEIwfcrf;aEG;aEG;av;awG ... EdkUtHkxGm;xGm;MuD;awG .. wifom;tdtdMuD;awG ..
tdkaemufqHk;awmh
qGJtm;aumif;vSaoma&TMuKwfav; ... wckrS udkvwfarhvdkUudkr&/ .. tif; 'gayr,hf
'gawGtm;vHk;
u ckawmh olUyaxG;wjzpfvJ vifawmfarmifMuD; udkausmhftwGuf
toHk;awmfcHp&mav;awGom jzpf

Page 2

aeaya&mhrnf ... awmuf ... /

udkvwfawG;&if; a'goxGufvmojzihf awmufyifacgufvdkufrdonf/ ..
oli,fcsif;wcsdKUuawmhajymonf? .. udkausmhfrSm
olUxufaumif;uGufawG&SdaevdkUjzpfrnfwJh ... /
olvJ 'gawGtpu odyfawmhem;rvnf .. aq;ausmif;om;ayr,hf
pmxJompdwfESpfxm;cJholrdkU 'gawGESihf eJeJpdrf;onf/ .. odkUayr,hf
&nf;pm;vlvkcH&jyD;aemufwGifawmh udkvwf rcHcsifpdwfeSihf
'gawG vdkufpm;vmonf/ vdifwHMuD;xGm;apaom enf;vrf;rsm;&Smonf/ ..
aq;xdk;wmawGbmawG
uawmh ab;ruif;rSef; q&m0efavmif;yDyD olodonfrdkU vufwJhrprf;cJh/ ..
ab;uif;aom avpkyfjyGefawG bmawGESihfawmh prf;Munhfonf/ .. &v'fu rqdk;vSyg/
olUqdk'fu
ydkMuD;vmonf/ .. oefrmrIESihfokwfxdef;edkiftm;vJ ydkaumif;vmonf/ aemufawmh
oli,fcsif;awG
wdkifyifjyD; wa,muf[may:wa,muf a*:vDawG tjyeftvSefxnhfMuonf/ .. olvJ
olUvdifwH
ausmbufwGif a*:vD2vHk;xnhfvdkufonf/ ..
ajymif;zl;aphawGvdkavQmufxnhfaevQifawmh ab;vJ
ruif;ovdk cH&olvJ vufvefoGm;rnfrdkU rxnfh/ .. 2vHk;avmufu taeawmfygyJ/

pdwfememESihf udkvwf &efukefwGif &nf;pm;awG xnfvJxm;jypfcJhonf/
xm;vdkufaom &nf;pm;wdkif;uvJ olU[mMuD;ESihf a*:vDav;awGudk wef;wef;pGJ .. / tJ
wckawmh
&Sdonf/ .. &nf;pm;u &nf;pm;vdkraeyJ ,lbdkUtwif;tMuyfwdkufwGef;vmvQifawmh
udkvwf wdkU a0;a0;ajy;awmhonf/ .. vlysdKb0ESihf &oavmufuJOD;rnf[k udkvwf
pdwfydkif;jzwfxm;onf/ .. 'gawGtm;vHk;udk eDvmhtpm;
rdef;rawGtay:vufpm;acsaejcif; wrsdK;[k ol cH,lxm;vdkufonf ..
qkdifovm; rqdkifovm;awmh rod/ ..

'DvdkESihf rESpfu ol q&m0efjzpfvmonf/ .. tvkyfESihftukdifESihfqdkawmh uJ&wm
ydkwihfw,fvm\
olUaMumihf tysdK&nfysufcJh&olav;awGvJ awmfawmfrsm;aejyD/
aemufjyD;om;a&tdkifawGudk ajc0ifaq;cJhwmawGvnf; reJvSawmh/ .. q&m0efqdkawmh
a&Smifwwfwdrf;wwfwmaum uHaumif;aeao;wmaum ygrnfayghav ..
udkvwfwdkU ckxdawmh ydkufabm rdonhfb0 ra&mufao;/

udkvwftvkyfu &efukeftaemufydkif; aq;&HkMuD;wGifjzpfonf? ..
udk,fydkifaq;cef;udkawmh vlemt&
rsm;onhf rtlukef;bufwGif zGihfjzpfonf/ vlysdKvlvGwf q&m0efqdkawmh
aq;cef;ywf0ef;usifwGif

Page 8

ydkMuD;aom taphav;u jyL;xGufae\ ... / udkvwfudk rsufpypfjy aeovdkvdk .. /

udkvwfu vuftdwfpGyfvdkufonf/ ...
trSefu 'grsdK;prf;rnfqdkvQif ydk;owfxm;aom &mbmvuftdwf txludk pGyf&rnf/
odkUayr,hf udkvwfu tMuHMuD;ESihfrdkU &dk;&dk; aoG;azmufwmawG bmawGrSmoHk;onhf
&mbmvuftdwftyg;av;yJ
pGyfvdkuf\/ rDrDuawmh bmrS rod&Sm ... / udkvwfjyKorQ EkawmhrnhfyHkESihf
aysmhaysmhausmhausmhav;
vSJaeavonf/

ukdvwfu rDrDhaygifMum;xJodkU olUnmbufvufMuD;udk oGif;vdkuf\/
b,fvufuawmh rDrDhcg;udk
tomvSrf;udkifxm;onf/ rDrDu tvkdufoihfyif aygifMuD;awGudk um;ay;vdkufonf/
apmapmu
'l;avmufa&mufatmifqGJcsxm;aom puyfxrDav;u rDrD aygifum;ay;vdkufrIaMumihf
atmufodkU
wGef;csvdkufovdkjzpfum ajczsm;xdavQmusoGm;awmh\/

udkvwf toufudkrSefatmif reJxdrf;&I,if; rDrDh &wemMuKwfav;xJ vufndSK;udk
pxdk;oGif;vdkuf\
twGif;ydkif;prf;oyfvQif vufndSK;vufcv,fESpfacsmif;yl;ESihf prf;&jrJjzpfaomfvnf;
rDrDhMuKwfav;u
tysdKeSihfrjcm; wif;Muyfpd&daeonfrdkU wacsmif;xJeSihfyJ t&if oGif;vdkufjcif;jzpfonf/
'gawmifrS
udkvwfvufndSK;u ykZGefuspfpmwGif;xJ xdk;xnhf&onhftvm;
pD;ydkifwif;Muyfaeonf/ ...

] t .... }
rDrDhEIwfrS ryGihfwyGihf toHav; yGihftHxGufvm\/
udk,fvHk;av;vJ qwfueJ wkefoGm;onf/ .. cg;av;u rodrom aumhwufvmum
aygifwHMuD;awGu ydkum;xGufoGm;onf/

] rDrD emoGm;vdkUvm;[if ... }
udkvwfu trSeftuefprf;ovdk rprf;yJ vufndSK;udk twGif;xJwGif
ywfvnfvSnhfuvday;ae&if;
rod[efaqmifum ar;vdkuf\/ cg;av;udk xdef;udkifay;xm;aom b,fvufuvJ
rodovdkvdkESihf
atmufzufavQmqif;vmjyD; rDrDhwifom; xGm;xGm;tdtdMuD;awGudk
tomjzpfnSpfqkyfe,fvmonf/
txdtawGUu xl;vS\/ .. udkvwf pdwf&dkif;awG ydkqifvmonf/

Page 9

] em&ifajymaemf ... tm;remeJUodvm; ... }
yg;pyfuom awGUu&mawGavQmufajymaeaomfvnf; udkvwf vufawGu pepfwus
vIyf&Sm;vmjyD?
vufndSK;wacsmif;xJxdk;oGif;xm;&mrS vufcv,fudkyg ppful,lvmonf/
ESpfacsmif;yl;jzihf rDrDhxJ
xdk;oGif;vmonf/ .. rDrDh&wemMuKwfav;uvJ t&nfawG pdk&TJxGufvmjyDrdkU
udkvwfvufeSpfacsmif;
yl;udk rjzHKawmhay/
udkvwfu tyDyif vufwqHk;xdk;oGif;vdkuf .. ygwfvnfvSnhfum arTaESmufay;vdkuf ..
ab;eH&Hav;awGudk wqwfqwfxdk;qGvdkuf .. om;tdrfacgif;ae&mav;udk zdxdk;vdkuf
vkyfay;aeonf/ rDrD wqwfqwfwkefavjyD ... udkvwf bmvkyfaejyDrSef;vJ &dyfrdjyD/ ..
odkUayr,hf
bmrSvJ rajymom .. r&kef;om .. / olrudk,fwdkifvJ taoG;xJtom;xJu
umraZmawG w&Sdef&Sdef
wufae&avjyDukd; .. /

] tm; [mh[mh .... q&m q&m &,f ... ]
udkvwfu vufndSK;vufcv,fyl;udk tqHk;xdk;oGif;zdxm;&if; vufru t0rS
taphav;udk qGay;
vdkufawmh rDrD raeedkifawmh/ .. toHawGyifxGufvm&awmhonf/ .. ckeu
cyfaysmhaysmhav; vSJae
&mrS ckawmh ajcz0g;awG ckwifay:tjym;vdkufcsum wifyg;MuD;wckvHk; wxGmeD;yg;
ajrmufwuf
vmonftxdudk aumhwifay;aeawmhonf/
] rDrD cHvdkUaumif;vm;[if ... }
udkvwfu ajAmifyif ar;vmawmhonf/ .. tyGJyGJETJcJhbl;jyDjzpfaom ol&Jaumif;rdkU
'DwyGJvJ olaumif;aumif;MuD; atmifedkifoljzpfjyDrSef; aA'ifar;p&mrvdkyJ udkvwf
twwfodaeavjyDudk; ... /

] aumif;w,f q&m&,f ... b,fvdkMuD;rSef;udk rodbl; ... tm;&SD; .... }
awmf,Hkrdef;uav;qdk 'DavmufESihf pum;ar;r&wwfao;/ ... roum
acgif;av;ndrfhjy,HkavmufyJ
&Sdrnf/ .. rDrDuawmh rkqdk;rav;vJjzpfjyef .. umraZmvJ xefvSolrdkU &SufwmawG
aMumufwmawG
ceESihf vGihfpifaysmufuG,foGm;avjyD/ ...
udkvwfu ausauseyfeyfMuD;udk jyHK;vdkuf\/ .. a&ueftoihf Mumtwihfqdkovdkyif
tjyifwGifvJ
rdk;u onf;onf;rnf;rnf;&Gmvmjyefonf/ ... tjyifuvlawG
a&mufvmp&mrjrifawmh/ ..
a&mufvmvJ ydwfxm;aom aq;cef;wHcg;udkMunhfjyD; q&m0efjyefoGm;jyDyJrSwfMurnf/
udkvwf\

Page 16

] tJ'Dawmh ... }
] tJ'Dawmh ... rDrD tJ'DudkoGm;vdkufaygh/ .. q&m vTJpma&;ay;vdkufr,f/
q&m0efudk,fwdkifvkyfwm
qdkawmh ydk;0ifrSmawG bmawG pdwfylp&mrvdkbl;/ ... pdwfcs&w,f ... }
] aq;&HkawGbmawGrsm; wufae&OD;rSmvm; q&m&,f ..... }
] rvkdygbl; rDrD&JU ... reufoGm; .. aeUvnfjyD;jyD .... vdktyf&ifaemuf&ufawG
xyfac:vdrhfr,f ...
[dka&muf&if rDrDawGUygvdrfhrAsm; ... a[mhwfa&Smhwfav;awG 0ifvmrpJ woJoJ
jzpfaeMuwm .. }
rDrDu udkvwf AdkufacgufMuD;udkvSrf;vdrfqGJvdkufonf/
] [if; ... q&mu 'gawG uRrf;aejyDayghav ... }
] aMomf .. 'DvdkyJ avhvmxm;&wmaygh .... 'grS oli,fcsif;awGbmawG MuHK&if
vrf;nTefedkifrSmav }
] awmfyg ... ,Hkr,f tm;MuD;MuD; ... uJ ... rjyD;edkifao;bl;vm; ... rDrDawmif
aemufwcg
jyD;csifvmjyD ... xdef;edkifwmuvJ vGefa&myJ ... / cswmcsjyD;&if vTJpmvJ a&;ay;OD; ...
[Gef; }
rDrDu rlEGJUEGJUav; ajymonf/ cspfp&m[efav;awGudk MunhfjyD; udkvwf ESajrmaerd\/
aemufqdk
olru olUqD vmukef;csifrS ukef;awmhrSmav/ ..

] jznf;jznf;aygh rDrD&,f ... aemuf 2&uf^3&ufaerS q&ma&;ay;r,f ... }
] [,f ... tJ'geJUyJ &ufawGMumukefjyD; vkyf&cufawmhrSmyJ ... bmjzpfvdkUwkef;
q&m&JU ... }
] pdwfrylygeJU rDrD&JU ... ckrS 2v&Sdao;wm[kwfvm;/ .. 3vavmuftxduawmh tJ'D
tr u
at;at;aq;aq;yJ ... }
] cka&;ay;vdkufvJ jyD;a&m q&m&,f ..... tvum; t&pf&Snfaew,f ... }
] tdk ... cka&;ay;vdkufvdkU b,fjzpfrvJ rDrD&JU ... }
] bmvdkU .... }
] 'grsdK;vkyfvdkufw,fqdkwmu ukd,f0efysufusovdkyJav ... vkyfjyD;&if 45&ufawmh
a&Smif&rSm ... }
] [if ... tJ'geJU bmqdkifvdkUvJ ... }
] qdkifygaomfaumuG,f .... a[m'Du q&mu rDrDav;udk vkyfvdkUjzKwfvdkU
r0ao;bl;As ... jzKwfcsif
ao;w,f ... odjyDvm; ... }
] [,f ... Munhfprf; Munhfprf; ... tajym&Jvdkufwm ... olUudkrsm; b,folu cHOD;r,f
ajymaevdkUvJ}
rDrD rsufeSmav; eD&JoGm;onf/ ..
] rajymvJ odygw,fuG,f ... q&mh[mMuD;udk rDrDpGJoGm;jyDr[kwfvm; ... }
] [Gef; ... olyJ tajymaumif; ... t t ... tihftihf ... }

Page 17

rDrDu rsufvHk;av;a'gihfuyfjyD; cspfpzG,fajymvdkuf&m udkvwf&ifxJ
uvduvdjzpfoGm;jyD; umrtm;awG tqrwefwdk;vmum pum;qufrajymawmhyJ
tqufrjywf cyfMurf;Murf;jyefaqmihf
avawmhonf/

rDrDvJ udkvwfaqmihforQ aumhcH&if; zDvifawG tjywfwufum ukdvwfnTefonhfqD
roGm;ao;cif
aemufnawGwdkif; 'DrSm 0atmif vmvmcHOD;rSjzpfrnf[k
tawG;e,fcsJUaerdygawmhownf;/ ....

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