Download Down payments in SAP SD PDF

TitleDown payments in SAP SD
TagsEconomies Payments Invoice Financial Accounting Financial Transaction
File Size120.7 KB
Total Pages8
Document Text Contents
Page 1

DOWN PAYMENTS FOR SALES ORDERS

http://help.sap.com/erp2005_ehp_06/helpdata/en/dd/561621545a11d1a7020000e829fd11/content.htm

Note

Page 2

TABLE OF CONTENT

Page 3

1 Down Payments for Sales Orders

Purpose
Down payments are payments made before completion of the product, with no interest. They represent short or medium term outside
capital procurement and therefore improve the company’s liquidity situation.

Features
The down payment for a sales order can be made on the basis of the following order data:

● Down Payment Processing (Basis: Billing Plan)
● Down Payment Processing (Basis: Document Condition)



1.1 Customizing


Use
The following Customizing settings have to be made for down payment processing:
Settings for the billing plan:
To activate the billing plan function, maintain the materials, for which you wish to process down payments, with item category group 0005 (milestone billing). This
gives the item type TAO via item type determination. The item type TAO calls up the billing plan function.
You need to implement the following activities in the billing plan for down payments:

Maintaining the deadline type: This determines the billing rule (percentage or value down payment) for the down payment request.
The system assigns billing type FAZ (payment request) defined in the standard system with billing category P. (For the billing type FAZ there is the
cancellation billing document type FAS in the standard system).
Maintaining deadline proposal: Use the down payments that are due for the proposed deadlines.

Maintaining a Pricing Procedure with the Condition Type AZWR:
In the standard system the condition type AZWR is delivered for the down payment value already provided but which has not yet been calculated. You must

include this condition type in the relevant pricing procedure before output tax.
Enter condition 2 (item with pricing) and the calculation formula 48 (down payment clearing value must not be bigger than the item value) for the condition type

AZWR.
Before the condition AZWR you can create a subtotal with the base value calculation formula 2 (net value). If the condition AZWR is changed manually, you can

get information on the original system proposal from the subtotal.
Maintain the printing indicator.
The pricing procedure can not be marked as a transaction-specific pricing procedure (field )
The condition type AZWR has the calculation type B (fixed amount) and the condition category E (down payment request / clearing).

No statistical or inactive conditions are set in a down payment item. If you require these conditions, use the user exit
USEREXIT_PRICING_COPY in include RV61AFZA.

Maintaing the Billing Document
In the standard system there is the billing type FAZ (down payment request) and for cancelling the billing type FAS.
Controlling the down payment is done using the billing category P of the billing type. A billing type becomes a down payment request when the billing category

P is assigned.
You have to maintain blocking reason 02 (complete confirmation missing) for the billing documents and assign it to billing type FAZ.
Copying control:

Copying requirement 20 must be entered in copying control at item level for the down payment request. In the standard system the order type TA for
copying control is set up according to the billing type FAZ for the item category TAO.
Copying requirement 23 must be entered in copying control at item level for down payment clearing. In the standard system the order type TA for copying
control is set up according to the billing type F2 for the item category TAO.

Financial Accounting settings:
A prerequisite for down payment processing is that the account is assigned to the underlying sales document. To do this, change the field status settings in
Customizing as follows:

Set reconciliation accounts (transaction OBXR)

For the ‘received down payments’ and ‘down payment requests’ from the G/L accounts you have selected, you should assign the field status definition
G031.

Maintain accounting configuration (transaction OBXB)

For the down payments (posting key ANZ in the standard system) and the output tax clearing (posting key MVA in the standard system), you must
maintain the posting key.
You must also carry out a G/L account number assignment for the tax account.

Maintain the posting key (transaction OB41)

For posting key 19 set the sales order as an optional field !!!

Maintain the field status definition (transaction OB14)

For field status variant 0001, field status group G031, set the sales order as an optional field !!!

PUBLIC
© 2013 SAP AG or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved.

Page 3 of 8

Page 4

Assign the company code to the field status variants (transaction OBC5)

Down Payment Processing (Basis: Billing Plan)

Process Flow
The following units describe the individual steps in down payment processing.
The following steps are differentiated in down payment processing:
Down Payment Agreements in the Sales Order
Down Payment Request
Payments Made
Milestone Billing with Down Payment Clearing
Final Billing with Down Payment Clearing
The figure below shows an example of a down payment process:

For more information, see Down Payments for Sales Orders (Basis: Billing Plan).


1.2.1 Down Payment Agreements in the Sales Order
Process Flow
You specify the agreed down payments in the sales order. The down payment requests are deadlines for an item in a billing plan. It can only be used for order-
related billing and not for delivery-related billing. You can control this in the billing rule:

Billing rule 4: Down payment for percentage milestone billing
Billing rule 5: Down payment for value milestone billing

For percentage milestone billing, the percentage share of the down payment is not included in the overall calculation of the individual milestone billing
documents. The percentage specified for the down payment is always based on the total sum of the individual milestone billing documents.
As soon as you take away the billing block and save the sales order, a billing index is created for the individual dates.


An example is given for down payment processing for the documents in SD
and for postings in financial accounting. In order to keep things clear and simple, no country-specific VAT posting for down payments is contained in
the example.


Down Payment Agreements in the Sales Order:

PUBLIC
© 2013 SAP AG or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved.

Page 4 of 8

http://help.sap.com/erp2005_ehp_06/helpdata/en/14/c8af57d21411d2acc70000e8a5bd28/content.htm
http://help.sap.com/erp2005_ehp_06/helpdata/en/14/c8af5ad21411d2acc70000e8a5bd28/content.htm
http://help.sap.com/erp2005_ehp_06/helpdata/en/14/c8af5dd21411d2acc70000e8a5bd28/content.htm
http://help.sap.com/erp2005_ehp_06/helpdata/en/14/c8af60d21411d2acc70000e8a5bd28/content.htm
http://help.sap.com/erp2005_ehp_06/helpdata/en/14/c8af63d21411d2acc70000e8a5bd28/content.htm
http://help.sap.com/erp2005_ehp_06/helpdata/en/46/270c2c404714dbe10000000a155369/frameset.htm

Page 5

1.2.2 Down Payment Request
Process Flow
You create the down payment request as a special billing document in SD (Sales and Distribution). You can either carry this out using the billing index
(transaction VF04) or specifically for a sales order with down payment agreements (transaction VF01). In the standard system the billing type FAZ is set as the
down payment requirement using billing category P.

In the standard system the billing type FAS is available for canceling a
down payment requirement.

When transfering into FI (financial accounting) a down payment requirement is created as a noted item in the ‘down payment requirement’ account in financial
accounting. The account ‘down payment requirement’ has no effect on the balance sheet or the profit and loss account.
You can see the created down payment requests in the document flow for the sales order.
You can print out the down payment requirement and send it. To print out you do not need an extra printing program or form. You just use RVADIN01 which is set
up for billing documents in the standard system with the form RVINVOICE01. The following information is also given for down payment requests:

‘Down payment request appears in the billing header.
The total is labeled as ‘payment to be made’.
The billing value contains the text ‘Amount to be paid’

Down payment request:

Postings in Financial Accounting:

PUBLIC
© 2013 SAP AG or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved.

Page 5 of 8

Page 6

1.2.3 Payments Made
Process Flow
The customer makes the payment. The incoming payment is posted in financial accounting with reference to the payment request. In this transaction the down
payment request is labeled as cleared. This clearing can also be seen in the sales order document flow.
The noted items in the customer account which were generated by the down payment requests become cleared posts.
The payment request is determined by assigning the down payment request to the sales order item.

If the customer only pays part of the amount required, the down payment request will be cleared completely nevertheless. Later down
payments must therefore be assigned manually to the sales order and the corresponding sales order item.


Postings in Financial Accounting:



1.2.4 Milestone Billing with Down Payment Clearing
Process Flow
The billing plan for the sales order contains billing-relevant deadlines. As soon as you take away the billing block, you can carry out billing.
In billing those payments already made by the customer should be cleared. This happens because those payments already made are taken into the billing
document as items to be cleared. They are set as items, after the billing items to which they refer, in the billing document. When printing (Report RVADIN01 with
form RVINVOICE01) the customer receives for the down payment items the text ‘payments made’ printed out. The down payment item value corresponds to those
down payments made.

There is no billing: Billing amount - Down payment amount = the remaining amount to be paid. The customer merely receives the information
concerning which amount he can transport during payment.

You can change the proposed down payment amount for clearing manually. The reason for this can be that part of the down payment should be proposed for
further billing. Calculation formula 48 in the pricing procedure for the condition type AZWR merely checks that the amount cannot be increased.
The down payments assigned to a billing document for clearing cause the system to offset all the completed payments against receivables in Financial
Accounting (FI).
The total amount of the final invoice is automatically posted in FI as a receivable, and the allotted down payments are cleared directly (down payment
clearing).The transaction is finished with the incoming payment posting and the open items are cleared. Postings made to the relevant general ledger account in
Financial Accounting reduce the down payments left to be cleared.

PUBLIC
© 2013 SAP AG or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved.

Page 6 of 8

Page 7

Milestone Billing with Down Payment Clearing:

In the above example the system had originally proposed 40, 000 (item 11) and 20 000 (item 12). The down payment clearings were then manually reduced.
The customer is then required to take the down payments (30 000 + 10 000) from the total amount (60 000 DEM). For the example there is 20 000 DEM left to
pay. The remaining down payment amounts are then automatically proposed in the following final invoice (see example in the next unit).

Postings in Financial Accounting:





1.2.5 Final Billing with Down Payment Clearing
Process Flow
The sales order billing plan also contains the final billing date. As soon as you take away the billing block, you can carry out final billing.
In billing those payments already made by the customer should be cleared. This happens because those payments already made are taken into the billing
document as items to be cleared. They are set as items, after the billing items to which they refer, in the billing document. When printing (Report RVADIN01 with
form RVINVOICE01) the customer receives the text ‘payments made’ printed out for the down payment items. The down payment item value corresponds to those
down payments made and not yet cleared.

There is no billing. Billed amount - Down payment amount = remaining amount
to be paid. The customer merely receives the information concerning which amount he can transport during payment.

The down payments assigned to a billing document for clearing cause the system to offset all the completed payments against receivables in Financial
Accounting (FI).
The total amount of the partial/final invoice is automatically posted in FI as a receivable, and the allotted down payments are cleared directly (down payment
clearing).The transaction finishes when the incoming payment is posted and the open items are cleared. Postings made to the relevant general ledger account in
Financial Accounting reduce the down payments left to be cleared.

PUBLIC
© 2013 SAP AG or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved.

Page 7 of 8

Similer Documents