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TitleFerry Terminal Design Considerations & Principles
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Table of Contents
                            II. Review of Related Literature
1. Urban Design
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

II. Review of Related Literature

A. DESIGN PRINCIPLES ON FERRY TERMINALS

1. Urban Design

1.1 Urban Design Principles

Each terminal forms part of the ferry network and part of a community. The
guidelines provide a balance between the need for the terminal to be a readily
identifiable part of a passenger transport network and a local community.

The planning and design of large, full interchange terminal facilities may be
proposed on a unique design concept, and should utilize the physical and
topographic conditions to maximize the terminal’s operational, functional and
construction effectiveness.

The transportation functions and operational requirements of a terminal are
the highest priority consideration in terminal design. However, terminal design
and precinct planning should also incorporate urban design principles including:

 Design strategies for maximizing integration with the environment
 Design strategies for minimizing negative urban impacts

Good visibility along corridors leading to the terminal should be provided. The
architectural concept for the new ferry terminals should reflect their context and
become recognizable and accepted by users within the local and wider
catchment areas as their transit terminal.

The developed concept should consider the heritage value and history of the
site and the surrounding environment as well as possess positive social attributes
and serve to enhance the identity of the public transport system to the
community. Linking into existing pedestrian and vehicle networks to provide fast
and easy access into and out of the terminal is vital for the terminal to function
efficiently.

1.2 Pasig River Ferry Service Committee (DOTC, MMDA, PRRC, PCG)

The Pasig River Rehabilitation Commission (PRRC) is mandated to ensure
that the Pasig River is rehabilitated to its historically pristine condition conducive
to transport, recreation and tourism. Thus, the PRRC has completed the master
plan for the rehabilitation of the Pasig River, to include easement regulations,
integration and coordination of all programs pertaining to the Pasig River,
industrial wastewater and sewerage control, and the relocation of riverbank
settlers.

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Seeing the Pasig River as an alternative transport corridor through the
metropolis to decongest the traffic to and from the nearby towns and provinces,
the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC), the Metropolitan
Manila Development Authority (MMDA), and the PRRC combined their efforts to
revive and develop the transport system utilizing the river and its tributaries, and
to extend its operations to the Laguna de Bay and Manila Bay areas.

The
Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) shall continue to spearhead the promotion of
safety, security of transportation, and protection through governance of the
marine ecosystem of the Pasig River and its tributaries in order to sustain a
viable, efficient, and dependable transportation system as an effective
instrument for national development.

The DOTC, MMDA, and PRRC, shall be governed by their respective roles
and responsibilities as embodied in the Memorandum of Agreement for the
Establishment and Operation of the Pasig River Ferry Service.

2. Environmental Sustainable Design

2.1 Environmental Sustainable Design Principles

Ferry terminals should be designed in context with the surrounding urban and
natural environment to minimize impact while designing to a level appropriate to
the scale and nature of the network.

Materials should be considered carefully and preference for renewable and
sustainable resources selected where appropriate, with consideration also made
to their durability, and maintainability. Key considerations are:

 Design – environmental impact and sustainability
 Materials – renewable sources, durability, maintainability
 Construction – minimizing environmental impact, maximizing standardized

elements, efficiencies and economies
 Permeability – water collection and run off
 Lighting – light spill, levels, typology - efficiency
 Audio – sound spill
 Access – designs that encourage passengers to walk, cycle, and even car pool

2.2 Security and Safety

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Terminal users will arrive as:

• Pedestrian and cycle users
• Intermodal passenger transport
• Drivers and passengers of private vehicles

The overall appearance of Pasig River ferry terminals should be bright, clean,
efficient and consistent with a modern public transport system.

3. Terminal–Specific Planning and Design Considerations

• Site location and geographic / topographic layout
• Level of Service to be provided (e.g. full-cover terminal or shelter only)
• Forecast passenger numbers
• Forecast vessel numbers, types, dimensions and tonnage, schedule of

arrivals/departures, berthing and layover requirements
• Checklist of Amenities to be provided (e.g. staff facilities, CCTV, PA

system etc.)

3.1 Vessel
Specifications

Vessel plans/design which
shall be pre-approved by
MARINA, to include
compliance with the
applicable provisions of MC
65, 65A, and 89. Vessels
must also comply with the
following operating
standards:

 Hull Configuration………………..Catamaran (Twin-hulled)
 Hull Material……………………….FRP/Steel/Aluminum
 Propulsion/Drive System…………Brand New, Inboard Diesel, Lower RPM, Keel

Cooling, Propeller Type (Twin Screw,
Commercial, Medium Continuous and higher
duty rating; and IMO-compliant emission

 Average Speed…………………..12.5 knots
 Windows……………………………Panoramic
 Ventilation…………………………Air-conditioned
 Passenger Capacity……………..at the option of the winning operator to

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determine the capacity
 Freeboard, average……………..two (2) feet
 Operating Draft…………………...four (4) feet maximum
 Air Draft……………………………..ten (10) feet maximum
 Length………………………………to consider a.14
 Accessibility………………………..BP 344 Compliant
 Class…………………………………Built under class by any MARINA-accredited

Classification Society
 Access Points………………………two (2) at each side, for ingress and egress,

located approximately three (4-5) meters apart

3.2 Safety

All ships/vessels must be duly registered and licensed by the appropriate
regulatory authority to ply their trade along Pasig River. Anent thereto, they shall
comply with the Philippine Merchant Marine Rules and Regulations (PMMRR) and
other applicable rules and regulations pertaining to the carriage onboard of the
appropriate number of lifesaving appliances and firefighting equipment.

All ships/vessels shall comply with applicable rules and regulations on the
carriage onboard of navigational aids, running lights, day and night signaling
devices, charts, etc.

3.3 Traffic Management

All vessels transiting the Pasig River shall not exceed the maximum speed of
twelve (12) knots and will observe caution during meeting, overtaking situations
and when passing through areas where other vessels are docked. If necessary,
they shall slow down to a safe speed under these circumstances to avoid damage
to property caused by wave action or vessel wash.

When navigating during nighttime, all tankers loaded with petroleum products
shall show a blinking red light on top of the bridge with 360degree visibility at a
range of three (3) nautical miles in addition to those prescribe by the Rules of the
Road.



3.4 Berthing

Berthing of ships/vessels in specifically designated areas shall be parallel to
the river banks and shall not be more than (2) abreast on a first-served basis.
Areas within the distance of thirty (30) meters before and after the location of
the ferry stations shall be for single berthing only.

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