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Table of Contents
                            Title Page
Foreword
Contents
Introduction
Chapter 1 : Construction Planning and Storage of Materials
	Contents
	Part 1 : Construction Planning
		1. General
		2. Construction Planning
	Part 2 : Storage of Materials
		1. General
		2. Cement
		3. Lime
		4. Bricks
		5. Aggregate
		6. Fly Ash
		7. Timber
		8. Steel
		9. Doors, Windows and Ventilators
			Fig. 1.1
		10. Roofing Sheets
		11. Boards
		12. Plastic and Rubber Sheets
		13. Glass Sheets
		14. Asbestos Cement, Pipes and Fittings
		15. Polyethylene Pipes
		16. Unplasticized PVC Pipes
		17. Bitumen, Road Tar and Asphalt
		18. Water
		19. Flat Tiles
		20. Oil Paints
		21. Sanitary Appliances
		22. Piles
		23. Other Materials
		24. Special Considerations
		25. Electrical Materials
Chapter 2 : Earthwork
	Contents
	1. Classification of Soils
	2. General Precautions
	3. Surface Excavation
	4. Rough Excavation
		Fig. 2.1
	5. Excavation Over Area in Soft/Hard Soil
	6. Excavation Over Area in Ordinary/Hard Rock
	7. Excavation in Foundation Trenches or Drains (Soft/Hard Soil)
	8. Excavation in Foundation Trenches or Drains (Ordinary Rock)
	9. Excavation in Foundation Trenches or Drains (Hard Rock)
	10. Excavation in Trenches for Pipes, Cables, Etc, and Refilling
	11. Shoring and Timbering
		Fig. 2.2
	12. Excavation in Mud, Water or Foul Position
	13. Filling in Trenches, Under Floors, etc
	14. Sand Filling in Plinth
	15. Surface Dressing
	16. Anti-termite Treatment (Chemical Treatment)
		Table 2.1
		Table 2.2
		Table 2.3
		Table 2.4
		Fig. 2.3
		Fig. 2.4
		Fig. 2.5
Chapter 3 : Foundations
	Contents
	1. General
	2. Types of Foundations
	3. Construction of Foundations
	4. Machine Foundations
	5. Miscellaneous
	6. Special Structures
	Annex A
	Annex B
		Table 3.1
Chapter 4 : Masonry
	Contents
	1. General
	Part 1 : Mortars
		1. Type of Mortars
		2. Selection of Mortars
			Table 4.1
		3. Preparation of Mortars
			Table 4.2
		Annex A
		Annex B
	Part 2 : Brickwork and Blockwork
		Section 1 : Brick and Block Units
			1. General
			2. Bricks
			3. Blocks
			4. Summary of Properties of Masonry Units
				Table 4.3
			Annex C
				Fig. 4.1
		Section 2 : Construction Practices - Brickwork
			1. General
			2. Types of Bonds
				Fig. 4.2
				Fig. 4.3
				Fig. 4.4
				Fig. 4.5
				Fig. 4.6
				Fig. 4.7
			3. Thickness of Joint
				Fig. 4.8
				Fig. 4.9
				Fig. 4.10
			4. Preparatory Work
			5. Laying of Brickwork
				Fig. 4.11
				Fig. 4.12
		Section 3 : Construction Practice - Blockwork
			1. General
			2. Mortar
				Table 4.4
			3. Concrete
			4. Thickness
			5. Lateral Support
			6. Avoidance of Crack Formation
				Fig. 4.13
				Table 4.5
				Fig. 4.14
				Fig. 4.15
			7. Preparatory Work
			8. Laying of Concrete Blocks
			9. Provision for Door and Window Frames
			10. Provision for Roof
			11. Intersecting Wall
			12. Renderings and Other Finishes
		Section 4 : In-situ Walls with Soil Cement
			1. General
			2. Soil
				Fig. 4.16
			3. Wall Construction
			4. Preparation of Mud Plaster
				Fig. 4.17
	Part 3 : Stonework
		1. General
		2. Properties of Stones
			Table 4.6
		3. Mortars
		4. Selection of Stone
			Table 4.7
		5. Preparatory Work
			Fig. 4.18
		6. Types of Masonry
		7. Random Rubble
		8. Squared Rubble
		9. Polygonal Rubble Matching
			Fig. 4.19
			Fig. 4.20
			Fig. 4.21
			Fig. 4.22
			Fig. 4.23
			Fig. 4.24
		10. Plain Ashlar
		11. Laying of Stones - General Requirements
			Fig. 4.25
		12. Laying of Different Types of Masonry
			Fig. 4.26
			Fig. 4.27
			Fig. 4.28
			Fig. 4.29
			Fig. 4.30
			Fig. 4.31
			Fig. 4.32
			Fig. 4.33
			Fig. 4.34
			Fig. 4.35
Chapter 5 : Plain and Reinforced Concrete
	Contents
	Part 1 : Common Requirements for Plain and Reinforced Cement Concrete
		1. General
		2. Materials
			Table 5.1
			Table 5.2
			Table 5.3
			Table 5.4
			Table 5.5
		3. Grades of Cement Concrete
			Table 5.6
		4. Production and Control of Concrete
			Table 5.7
			Table 5.8
		5. Mixing
			Table 5.9
		6. Transporting, Placing, Compacting and Curing
		7. Concreting Under Special Conditions
			Table 5.10
			Fig. 5.1
			Table 5.11
			Table 5.12
		8. Ready Mixed Concrete
		9. Non-destructive Tests
		Annex A
			Table 5.13
		Annex B
		Annex C
			Fig. 5.2
			Fig. 5.3
	Part 2 : Requirements of Reinforced Concrete
		1. General
		2. Formwork
	Part 3 : Lime and Lime Pozzolana Mixture Concrete
		Section 1 : Lime Concrete
			1. General
			2. Materials
			3. Properties of Lime Concrete
			4. Mixing
			5. Laying of Lime Concrete
				Table 5.14
		Section 2 : Lime Pozzolana Mixture Concrete
			1. General
			2. Materials
			3. Mixing
			4. Laying
	Part 4 : Shotcrete
		1. General
		2. Materials
		3. Shotcreting Process
			Table 5.15
			Table 5.16
		4. Properties of Shotcrete
			Fig. 5.4
		5. Pre-construction Testing
		6. Mixing
		7. Application of Shotcrete
Chapter 6 : Anti-termite Measures
	Contents
	1. General
	Part 1 : Constructional Measures
		1. General
		2. Preliminary Work
		3. Design Criteria
		4. Internal and External Anti-termite Measures
		5. Termite Shields
			Fig. 6.1
			Fig. 6.2
			Fig. 6.3
			Fig. 6.4
			Fig. 6.5
			Fig. 6.6
			Fig. 6.7
			Fig. 6.8
			Fig. 6.9
			Fig. 6.10
	Part 2 : Treatment in Existing Buildings
		1. General
		2. Post Construction Treatment
		3. Inspection
		Annex A
Chapter 7 : Doors and Windows (Wood and Metal)
	Contents
	1. General
	Part 1 : Timber Doors, Windows and Ventilators
		1. General
		2. Classification of Timber
			Table 7.1
		3. Wood Panel Products
		4. Doors and Windows
		5. Installation of Wooden Frames
		6. Installation of Pressed Steel Frames
		7. Installation of Panelled Shutters
		8. Joinery
			Fig. 7.1
			Fig. 7.2
			Fig. 7.3
			Fig. 7.4
		9. Ledged and Battened and Ledged, Braced and Battened Door and Windows Shutters
			Fig. 7.5
		10. Battened and Framed Door and Window Shutters
		11. Timber Panelled and Glazed Shutters
		12. Louvred Shutters
		13. Fittings (Hardware)
			Fig. 7.6
			Fig. 7.7
			Fig. 7.8
			Fig. 7.9
			Fig. 7.10
			Fig. 7.11
			Fig. 7.12
			Fig. 7.13
			Fig. 7.14
			Fig. 7.15
			Fig. 7.16
			Fig. 7.17
		14. Glazing
			Fig. 7.18
			Fig. 7.19
			Fig. 7.20
			Fig. 7.21
		Annex A
	Part 2 : Metal Doors, Windows and Ventilators (Steel and Aluminium)
		1. General
		2. Installation
			Fig. 7.22
			Fig. 7.23
			Fig. 7.24
			Fig. 7.25
			Fig. 7.26
			Fig. 7.27
		3. Glazing
		4. Other Shutters
Chapter 8 : Steel Construction
	Contents
	Part 1 : Use of Hot Rolled Sections
		1. General
		2. Materials
		3. Fabrication and Erection
		4. Connections
		5. Fabrication and Connections for Design by Plastic Theory
		6. Fabrication and Connections for Tubular Structures
			Fig. 8.1
		Annex A
	Part 2 : Use of Cold Formed Sections
		1. General
		2. Materials
Chapter 9 : Floors and Floor Coverings
	Contents
	1. General
	Part 1 : Brick Floors
		1. General
		2. Burnt Clay Brick Flooring
		3. Reinforced Brick and Brick Concrete Floors
			Fig. 9.1
	Part 2 : Cement Concrete Floors
		1. In-situ Concrete Flooring
			Fig. 9.2
			Fig. 9.3
			Fig. 9.4
			Fig. 9.5
			Fig. 9.6
			Table 9.1
		2. In-situ Granolithic Concrete for Floor Topping
			Table 9.2
			Table 9.3
			Table 9.4
		3. In-situ Terrazzo Floor Finish
			Fig. 9.7
			Fig. 9.8
			Table 9.5
		4. Cement Concrete Flooring Tiles
		Annex A
	Part 3 : Industrial Floor Finishes
		1. General
		2. Types of Industrial Floor Finishes
			Table 9.6
			Table 9.7
			Table 9.8
		3. Dairy Floor Finishes
			Table 9.9
			Fig. 9.9
			Fig. 9.10
		4. Bitumen Mastic Flooring for LPG
	Part 4 : Special Floors and Floor Coverings
		1. General
		2. Magnesium Oxychloride Composition Floors
		3. Bitumen Mastic Flooring
			Table 9.10
		4. Rubber Floors
		5. Linoleum Floors
		6. Epoxy Resin Floor Toppings
			Table 9.11
		7. Flexible PVC Sheet and Tile Flooring
		8. Chemical Resistant Mortars
		9. Silicate Type Chemical Resistant Mortars
		10. Resin Type Chemical Resistant Mortar
			Table 9.12
		11. Sulphur Type Chemical Resistant Mortar
			Table 9.13
			Table 9.14
		12. Parquet Flooring
			Fig. 9.11
			Fig. 9.12
			Fig. 9.13
			Fig. 9.14
			Fig. 9.15
			Fig. 9.16
		Annex B
	Part 5 : Timber Floors
		1. General
		2. Materials
		3. Types of Timber Floors
		4. Construction
		5. Timber Floor Boards
			Fig. 9.17
			Fig. 9.18
			Fig. 9.19
			Fig. 9.20
			Fig. 9.21
			Fig. 9.22
			Fig. 9.23
Chapter 10 : Wall and Ceiling Finishes and Coverings and Walling
	Contents
	Part 1 : Wall and Ceiling Finishes and Coverings
		1. General
		2. Lime Plaster Finish
		3. Cement and Cement-lime Plaster Finish
			Table 10.1
			Table 10.2
		4. External Rendered Finishes
			Table 10.3
			Table 10.4
		5. External Facing and Veneers - Stone Facing
			Fig. 10.1
			Fig. 10.2
			Fig. 10.3
			Fig. 10.4
			Fig. 10.5
			Fig. 10.6
		6. External Facings and Veneers - Cement Concrete
			Fig. 10.7
			Fig. 10.8
			Fig. 10.9
			Fig. 10.10
			Fig. 10.11
		7. External Facing and Veneers - Wall Tiling and Mosaics
		8. Wall Coverings
			Table 10.5
			Fig. 10.12
			Fig. 10.13
			Fig. 10.14
			Fig. 10.15
			Fig. 10.16
			Fig. 10.17
			Fig. 10.18
			Fig. 10.19
		9. Ceiling Coverings
			Fig. 10.20
			Fig. 10.21
		10. Fixing Devices
		Annex A
		Annex B
			Table 10.6
	Part 2 : Walling
		1. General
		2. Reed Walling
			Fig. 10.22
			Fig. 10.23
			Fig. 10.24
			Fig. 10.25
		3. Gypsum Block Partitions - Non-load Bearing
		4. No-fines Concrete
			Fig. 10.26
			Fig. 10.27
			Fig. 10.28
			Fig. 10.29
			Table 10.7
Chapter 11 : Roofs and Roofing
	Contents
	1. General
	Part 1 : Flat Roofs
		1. General
		2. Jack-arch Type Roof
			Fig. 11.1
			Fig. 11.2
			Fig. 11.3
		3. Brick-cum-concrete Composite Roof (Madras Terrace)
			Fig. 11.4
		4. Stone Slab Over Joist Floor
			Fig. 11.5
			Fig. 11.6
			Fig. 11.7
		5. Roofs and Floors with Joist and Filler Blocks - Hollow Concrete Filler Blocks
			Fig. 11.8
		6. Roofs and Floors with Joist and Filler Blocks - Hollow Clay Filler Blocks
			Fig. 11.9
		7. Roofs and Floors with Joists and Filler Blocks - Precast Hollow Clay Block Joists and Hollow Clay Filler Blocks
			Fig. 11.10
			Fig. 11.11
			Fig. 11.12
		8. Roofs and Floors with Joist and Filler Blocks - Precast Hollow Clay Block Slab Panels
			Fig. 11.13
			Fig. 11.14
			Fig. 11.15
		Annex A
	Part 2 : Sloping Roofs
		1. Wooden Shingle Roof
			Fig. 11.16
			Fig. 11.17
			Fig. 11.18
		2. Roofing with Mangalore Tiles
			Fig. 11.19
			Fig. 11.20
			Fig. 11.21
		3. Sloped Roof Covering - Slating
			Fig. 11.22
			Fig. 11.23
			Fig. 11.24
		4. Sloped Roof Using Plain and Corrugated Galvanized Steel Sheets
			Fig. 11.25
			Fig. 11.26
			Fig. 11.27
			Fig. 11.28
			Fig. 11.29
		5. Asbestos Cement Sheets - Corrugated
			Fig. 11.30
			Fig. 11.31
			Fig. 11.32
			Fig. 11.33
			Fig. 11.34
			Fig. 11.35
			Fig. 11.36
			Fig. 11.37
			Fig. 11.38
			Fig. 11.39
			Fig. 11.40
		6. Asbestos Cement Sheets - Semi-corrugated
			Fig. 11.41
			Fig. 11.42
			Fig. 11.43
			Fig. 11.44
			Fig. 11.45
			Fig. 11.46
			Fig. 11.47
			Fig. 11.48
			Fig. 11.49
			Fig. 11.50
			Fig. 11.51
			Fig. 11.52
		Annex B
	Part 3 : Shell Roofs (Curved Roofs)
		1. General
		2. Reinforced Concrete Shell Roof Cast In-situ
			Fig. 11.53
		3. Precast Doubly Curved Shell Units
	Part 4 : Flat Roof Finish - Mud Phuska
		1. General
		2. Materials
		3. Preperatory Work
		4. Laying of Mud Phuska
	Part 5 : Thatched Roofs
		1. Thatching of Roof
Chapter 12 : Damp-proofing and Waterproofing
	Contents
	1. General
	2. General Preparatory Work for Damp-proofing and Waterproofing
		Fig. 12.1
		Fig. 12.2
		Fig. 12.3
		Fig. 12.4
		Fig. 12.5
		Fig. 12.6
		Fig. 12.7
		Fig. 12.8
		Fig. 12.9
		Fig. 12.10
		Fig. 12.11
		Fig. 12.12
		Fig. 12.13
	Part 1 : Damp-proofing
		1. General
			Fig. 12.14
		2. Bitumen Felt Treatment
		3. Bitumen Mastic Treatment
			Fig. 12.15
			Fig. 12.16
			Fig. 12.17
		4. Glass Fibre Tissue Reinforced Bitumen Treatment
		5. Waterproofing and Damp-proofing of Wet Areas in Building
	Part 2 : Waterproofing
		1. General
		2. Lime Concrete Waterproofed Finish
			Fig. 12.18
			Fig. 12.19
		3. Bitumen Felt
			Fig. 12.20
		4. Bitumen Mastic
			Fig. 12.21
			Fig. 12.22
			Fig. 12.23
			Fig. 12.24
			Fig. 12.25
			Fig. 12.26
			Fig. 12.27
		5. Polyethylene Film
			Fig. 12.28
			Fig. 12.29
			Fig. 12.30
			Fig. 12.31
			Fig. 12.32
			Fig. 12.33
		6. Glass Fibre Tissue Reinforced Bitumen
			Fig. 12.34
			Fig. 12.35
			Fig. 12.36
		7. Waterproofing of Underground Reservoirs and Swimming Pools
			Fig. 12.37
		8. Silicone Based Water Repellent
		Annex A
Chapter 13 : Joints in Buildings (Control of Cracks in Buildings)
	Contents
	1. General
	2. Types of Joints
	3. Design Features
		Table 13.1
	4. Materials
		Fig. 13.1
		Fig. 13.2
		Fig. 13.3
	5. Installation of Joints
		Fig. 13.4
		Fig. 13.5
		Fig. 13.6
		Fig. 13.7
		Fig. 13.8
		Fig. 13.9
		Fig. 13.10
		Fig. 13.11
		Fig. 13.12
		Fig. 13.13
		Fig. 13.14
	6. Maintenance
	7. References
Chapter 14 : Whitewashing, Colour Washing and Painting of Masonry, Concrete and Plaster Surfaces (Calcareous Surfaces)
	Contents
	1. General
	Part 1 : Whitewashing and Colour Washing
		1. General
		2. Materials
		3. Preparatory Work
		4. Preparation of Whitewash and Colour Wash
		5. Application of Whitewash and Colour Wash
		6. Protective Measures
	Part 2 : Painting of Masonry, Concrete and Plaster Surfaces
		1. General
		2. Materials
		3. Characteristics of the Background and Treatment
		4. Preparation of Background
		5. Application of Paints
			Table 14.1
			Table 14.2
			Table 14.3
		Annex A
		Annex B
		Annex C
Chapter 15 : Painting, Varnishing and Allied Finishes (Wood and Metals)
	Contents
	1. General
	Part 1 : Finishing of Wood and Wood Based Materials
		1. General
		2. General Characteristics of Wood and Wood Based Materials
		3. Design Considerations
		4. Painting New Woodwork
		5. Applications of Clear Finishes
		6. French Polish
		7. Finishing of Wood Based Materials
		8. Painting Schedule
			Table 15.1
			Table 15.2
		9. Maintenance
		10. Finishing of Wood Products with Nitrocellulose and Cold Catalysed Materials
			Table 15.3
		11. Burnishing
		Annex A
		Annex B
	Part 2 : Painting of Ferrous Metals in Buildings
		1. General
		2. Factory Pretreatment
		3. On-site Pretreatment
		4. Application of Paints
			Table 15.4
			Table 15.5
	Part 3 : Painting of Non-ferrous Metals in Buildings
		1. General
		2. Surface Preparation and Pretreatment
		3. Painting
Chapter 16 : Water Supply and Drainage
	Contents
	1. General
	Part 1 : Water Supply
		1. General
		2. Materials
		3. Conveyance and Distribution of Water Within the Premises
			Fig. 16.1
		4. General Requirements of Pipe Work
		5. Laying of Pipes
			Table 16.1
		6. Jointing of Pipes
		7. Storage of Water
		8. Cleaning and Disinfection of the Supply System
		9. Inspection, Testing and Maintenance
		10. Requirements of Other Work
	Part 2 : Building Drainage
		1. General
		2. Design Considerations
			Fig. 16.2
			Fig. 16.3
			Fig. 16.4
			Fig. 16.5
		3. Storm Water Drainage
			Table 16.2
		4. Subsoil Water Drainage
		5. Conveyance of Sanitary Wastes
			Fig. 16.6
			Fig. 16.7
			Fig. 16.8
			Fig. 16.9
			Fig. 16.10
			Fig. 16.11
			Fig. 16.12
			Fig. 16.13
	Part 3 : Water Supply and Drainage in High Altitude/Sub-zero Temperature Regions
		1. General
		2. Water Supply
		3. Waste Disposal
			Fig. 16.14
Chapter 17 : Special Construction Procedures - Earthquake Effects, etc
	Contents
	1. General
	Part 1 : Earthquake Resistance of Normal Buildings
		1. General
		2. Earthquake Resistant Construction of Normal Buildings
		3. General Principles of Seismic Resistant Construction
			Fig. 17.1
			Fig. 17.2
		4. Masonry Structures - Special Construction Features
			Table 17.1
			Fig. 17.3
			Fig. 17.4
			Table 17.2
			Table 17.3
			Fig. 17.5
			Fig. 17.6
			Table 17.4
			Fig. 17.7
			Fig. 17.8
		5. Special Construction Features - Floors and Roofs with Small Precast Components
		6. Timber Structures - Special Arrangements
			Fig. 17.9
			Fig. 17.10
			Fig. 17.11
			Fig. 17.12
		Annex A
		Annex B
			Fig. 17.13
			Table 17.5
			Fig. 17.14
	Part 2 : Earthquake Resistance of Weaker Buildings
		1. Low Strength Masonry Buildings
		2. Brickwork in Weak Mortar
		3. Stone Masonry (Random Rubble or Semi-dressed)
			Fig. 17.15
			Fig. 17.16
		4. Improving Earthquake Resistance of Earthen Buildings
			Fig. 17.17
			Fig. 17.18
			Fig. 17.19
		5. Repair and Seismic Strengthening of Buildings
			Fig. 17.20
			Fig. 17.21
			Fig. 17.22
			Fig. 17.23
Chapter 18 : Demolition of Buildings
	Contents
	1. General
	2. Planning
	3. Precautions and Protective Measures before Starting Demolition Work
	4. Protection of the Public
		Fig. 18.1
	5. Sequence of Demolition Operations
	6. Demolition of Floors
	7. Demolition of Walls
		Fig. 18.2
	8. Demolition of Different Types of Structures and Elements
		Fig. 18.3
		Fig. 18.4
		Fig. 18.5
	9. Removal of Materials
	10. References
List of Referred Indian Standards
                        

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