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TitleKhushal Khan Khattak
TagsReligious Education Religion And Belief Philosophical Science Quran
File Size1.2 MB
Total Pages283
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Page 1

Khushal Khan Khattak’s Educational Philosophy

Presented to:

Department of Social Sciences
Qurtuba University, Peshawar Campus Hayatabad, Peshawar

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree

Of Doctor of Philosophy in Education


Niaz Muhammad
PhD Education, Research Scholar


Qurtuba University of Science and Information Technology
NWFP (Peshawar, Pakistan)

Page 2


In the name of Allah, the
Beneficent, the Merciful.

Page 141


Khushal Khan Khattak says about it:

“If a king has countless wealth with him but no dependable armed force, his
wealth is of no use”

“If a king has strong treasury but he is without sane and dependable
armed force. He stands nowhere. 209

Khushal considers the importance of strong economy. He says that the

basic needs of life of all the human beings are the same and similar in nature.

Every human being needs shelter, food, and clothes. These are basic and justified

necessities. He says that a beggar as well as a king needs these basics of life and

each and every person seeks these things for which he needs money and thus he

not only supports political freedom but he also pleads for economic equality in


Dr. Khadija Begum Feroziuddin says about his economic welfare struggle thus:

“Khushal khan devoted looked after the economic welfare of his tribe. …

For the great work accomplished by Khushhal in this direction, it would be well

worth to quote Major Roverty in full. He says: ‘up to the time of Khushhal’s

chieftainship the boundries of the Khattak country were not well defined that is to

say, each family of the tribe had no fixed lands allotted to them. Khushhal

surveyed all available land, fixed the boundaries, entered them in a register, and

according to the number of each man’s family assigned a corresponding quantity

of land for cultivation. This arranged are still in force and many small towers of

stone, erected to mark the different boundaries, still remain”. 210

Khushal Khan Khattak was not a regular ruler of a country that is why he

did not have special budget for expenditure and no elaborate plans. He was just a

209 Ibid, p,67
210Feroziuddin, Begum, Dr. Miss Khadija, Life and works of illustrious Khushal Khan Khattak, (Peshawar,
Jadun printing press, 2007), p,87

Page 142


chieftain of the tribe therefore the simple heads under which all this income was

exhausted were- army and hospitality. As he himself explains:

“All my wealth I spent on armies

Or on feeding my guests
As I had a hundred (people) in my house,
Thousand would go on the household.” 211

As Sovereign Khushal’s Educational thought

The real and true sovereign will ensure in his territory that the people

should get more and more education and should gain knowledge about the

necessary fields of life. The true sovereign will not make it specific for males

only he will provide equal opportunities. Khushal’s view about female education

is quite clear which we have discussed in the first chapter of this study. Khushal

Khan Khattak was a prominent chief of his tribe, though he belonged to tribal area

he was equallty serious about female educatonas is evident from the case of his

own daughter who died and he showed his great grievance on her death, because

she was a scholar.

“Taj bibi was ill and died during this epidemic. According to her will, her

dead body was taken to Faqir’s house and buried by the side of her grandmother.

She was a pious daughter of mine, had read the holy Qur’an and other books. She

was given to devotion and prayer. May God bless her!”

This reference is very valuable to us from the point of view of education

of girls in khushal’s household. For it proves that in spite of his prejudices

towards women he, in obedience to the tenets of Islam did not deprive his

daughters of education however limited it was” 212

211 Ibid, p,88
212 Feroziuddin, Begum, Dr. Miss Khadija, Life and works of illustrious Khushal Khan Khattak, (Peshawar,
Jadun printing press, 2007), P,250

Page 282


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