Download Ready for First SB Sample PDF

TitleReady for First SB Sample
TagsVerb Linguistic Typology Syntax Linguistic Morphology Question
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Document Text Contents
Page 1

Ready for
First
coursebook with key

3rd Edition

Roy Norris

MACM I L LAN EXAMS

Updated in line with Cambridge English: First (FCE) 2015 revisions

Page 2

2

Contents map

Unit Language focus Vocabulary Writing Reading Use of English Listening Speaking

1 LifestylePage 6 1 Habitual behaviour: tend to; frequency adverbs; used to and would
2 Be used to, get used to and used to

1 Lifestyle
2 Get: Expressions and meanings
3 Clothes

Informal letter (Part 2) Multiple matching (Part 7) Transformations (Part 4) 1 Multiple matching (Part 3)
2 Multiple choice (Part 1)

Talking about photos (Part 2)

2 High energyPage 18 1 Indirect ways of asking questions2 Gerunds and infinitives 1 Music2 Sport 1 Letter of application (Part 2)2 Article (Part 2) Gapped text (Part 6) Word formation: AffixesWord formation (Part 3) 1 Sentence completion (Part 2)2 Multiple choice (Part 4)
3 A change for the better?Page 30 1 Comparisons2 Articles Technology Essay (Part 1) Multiple choice (Part 5) Word formation: Nouns 1Word formation (Part 3) 1 Multiple choice (Part 4)2 Multiple matching (Part 3) 1 Collaborative task (Part 3) 2 Further discussion (Part 4)

Ready for Use of English
Page 42

Part 1: Multiple-choice cloze Part 2: Open cloze Part 3: Word formation

4 A good storyPage 46 1 So and such2 Past tenses 1 Films2 Take: Expressions and phrasal verbs 1 Review (Part 2)2 Report (Part 2) Gapped text (Part 6) Word formation: Adjectives ending in –ing and –ed
Transformations (Part 4)
Word formation (Part 3)

Preparing for listening: Focus on
distractors

Multiple choice (Part 1)

Talking about photos (Part 2)

5 Doing what you have toPage 58 1 Obligation, necessity and permission2 Noun phrases The world of work Essay (Part 1) 1 Multiple matching (Part 7) Word formation: -en suffix2 Open cloze (Part 2)
Word formation (Part 3)
Multiple-choice cloze (Part 1)
Transformations (Part 4)

1 Multiple choice (Part 4)
2 Sentence completion (Part 2)

1 Talking about photos (Part 2)
2 Collaborative task (Part 3)

6 Relative relationshipsPage 70 1 Defining relative clauses2 Non-defining relative clauses
3 Causative passive with have and get

1 Phrasal verbs
2 Describing people

Article (Part 2)
Email (Part 2)

2 Multiple choice (Part 5) 1 Multiple-choice cloze (Part 1)
Open cloze: Relative clauses
Transformations (Part 4)

1 Multiple matching (Part 3)
2 Multiple choice (Part 1)

1 Collaborative task (Part 3)
2 Interview (Part 1)

Ready for Reading
Page 82

Part 5: Multiple choice Part 6: Gapped text Part 7: Multiple matching

7 Value for moneyPage 88 1 Present perfect simple2 Expressing preferences
3 Present perfect continuous

1 Shopping
2 Paraphrasing and recording
3 Towns and villages

Email (Part 2)
Essay (Part 1)

Gapped text (Part 6) Open cloze (Part 2)
Transformations (Part 4)

1 Sentence completion (Part 2)
2 Multiple choice (Part 4)

1 Talking about photos (Part 2)
Supermarket psychology
2 Interview (Part 1)

8 Up and awayPage 100 The future and time linkers 1 Sleep2 Travel
3 Phrasal verbs

Essay (Part 1)
Article (Part 2)

1 Gapped text (Part 6) Word formation: Adjectives
2 Word formation (Part 3)
Transformations (Part 4)
Multiple-choice cloze (Part 1)

1 Multiple choice (Part 1)
2 Multiple matching (Part 3)

1 Interview (Part 1)
2 Talking about photos (Part 2)

9 Mystery and imaginationPage 112 1 Modal verbs for speculation and deduction
2 Question tags
3 Contrast linkers

1 Ways of looking
2 Give: Expressions and phrasal verbs

Review (Part 2) 1 Multiple choice (Part 5)
3 Multiple matching (Part 7)

Word formation: Adverbs
2 Open cloze (Part 2)
Multiple-choice cloze (Part 1)
Word formation (Part 3)
Transformations (Part 4)

1 Multiple choice (Part 4)
2 Sentence completion (Part 2)

Collaborative task (Part 3)

Ready for Listening
Page 124

Part 1: Multiple choice Part 2: Sentence completion Part 3: Multiple matching Part 4: Multiple choice

10 Nothing but the truthPage 128 1 Too and enough2 Passives
3 Passive of reporting verbs

1 Crime and punishment
2 Paraphrasing and recording
3 Phrasal verbs

Article (Part 2)
Essay (Part 1)

Multiple choice (Part 5) Transformations (Part 4)
Multiple-choice cloze (Part 1)

1 Multiple choice (Part 4)
2 Multiple matching (Part 3)

Talking about photos (Part 2)

11 What on earth’s going on?Page 140 1 So, neither and nor2 Conditionals 1 Weather2 Put: Expressions and phrasal verbs Essay (Part 1)Email (Part 2)
Review (Part 2)

1 Multiple matching (Part 7)
2 Gapped text (Part 6)

3 Open cloze (Part 2)
Transformations (Part 4)

1 Sentence completion (Part 2)
2 Multiple choice (Part 1)

Collaborative task (Part 3)

12 Looking after yourselfPage 152 1 Countable and uncountable nouns A2 Countable and uncountable nouns B
3 Reported speech
4 Reporting verbs
5 Reported questions

1 Food and drink
2 Health matters

Report (Part 2) 1 Multiple matching (Part 7) 2 Open cloze (Part 2)
Word formation: Nouns 2
Word formation (Part 3)
Transformations (Part 4)
Multiple-choice cloze (Part 1)

1 Multiple matching (Part 3)
2 Multiple choice (Part 4)

Talking about photos (Part 2)

Ready for Speaking
Page 164

Part 1: Interview Part 2: Talking about photos Part 3: Collaborative task Part 4: Further discussion

13 Animal magicPage 168 1 Hypothetical situations2 Prepositions and gerunds 1 The Arts2 Paraphrasing and recording
3 Animals
4 Verbs followed by prepositions

Email (Part 2)
Article (Part 2)
Report (Part 2)

Gapped text (Part 6) Word formation: Suffixes –ible and
–able

Word formation (Part 3)
Transformations (Part 4)

1 Multiple choice (Part 4)
2 Sentence completion (Part 2)

1 Collaborative task (Part 3)
2 Further discussion (Part 4)

14 Mind your languagePage 180 1 Compound adjectives2 Expressing purpose
3 Ability

1 Phrasal verbs with turn
2 Make and do

1 Article (Part 2)
2 Letter of application (Part 2)

1 Multiple choice (Part 5) Word formation: Suffixes –ful and –less
2 Open cloze (Part 2)
Multiple-choice cloze (Part 1)
Transformations (Part 4)
Word formation (Part 3)

1 Multiple matching (Part 3)
2 Multiple choice (Part 1)

Talking about photos (Part 2)

Ready for Writing
Page 192

Part 1: Essay Part 2: Article, Email/Letter, Letter of application, Report, Review

Additional material Wordlist Grammar reference Listening scripts Answer key
Page 202 Page 205 Page 209 Page 222 Page 241

Page 21

21

2 When writing a letter of application to the director of a summer school, a formal
style is appropriate. However, in Sandra Agar’s application above, the words and
expressions in bold (1–10) are more appropriate to an informal letter. Replace each
one with a formal alternative from the box below.

Example: 1 Mr Beacon

I have no experience I would like to apply I feel
I look forward to hearing I have seen well-suited to
I have also been attending Mr Beacon a number
I would love to have the opportunity to

3 Which linking words does Sandra use in her letter.
Example: also

4 What is the purpose of each of the four main paragraphs in Sandra’s letter?
Example: Paragraph 1: Her reason for writing

5 Read the How to go about it box on page 202 before you do the following Writing
Part 2 task.

You see the following advertisement in your local English-language newspaper:

ARE YOU A MUSIC FAN?
We require English-speaking volunteers to help at a four-day international
pop and rock music festival aimed at raising money for charity.
• What relevant music-related interests do you have?
• Do you have experience of working with people?
• How would you benefit from helping at this event?
Write to Paul Groves at Music for Life explaining why you would be
suitable as a volunteer.

Write your letter of application in 140–190 words.

High energy 2

Dear (1) Paul

(2) I’ve had a look at your
advertisement in the lat

est edition of ‘English

Weekly’ and (3) I want to
ask for a job as a music

and dance teacher at

your summer school.

I am a twenty-year-old
music student in my s

econd year at

university and can play
several instruments, in

cluding piano, violin

and clarinet. (4) I’ve also
been going to a local dan

ce academy for the

past twelve years and a
m a member of a moder

n-dance group called

‘Pasos’.

Although (5) I’ve never don
e any jobs working with

groups of children,

I teach piano and violin
to (6) quite a lot of young

private students. In

addition, I choreograph
many of the dances for

‘Pasos’ and teach the

steps to the other membe
rs of the group.

(7) I reckon I would be (8)
really good at this job, as

I am a very calm

and patient person. My
whole life is devoted to

music and dance and

(9) it’d be great if I could p
ass on my skills to othe

r people.

(10) Can’t wait to hear from
you.

Yours sincerely

Sandra Agar

Page 22

22

Gapped text
1 You are going to read an article about the game of rugby. Look at the

photographs, which show men and women playing rugby, and discuss the following
questions.

How much do you know about rugby? What are some of the rules of the game?

The article you are going to read says that ‘rugby is rather like chess’: why do you think
it makes this comparison?

2 Read through the base text (the main text with the gaps). Are any of your ideas from
exercise 1 mentioned?

3 Six sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences A–G the
one which fits each gap (1–6). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to
use.

How to go about it

• Check that the whole sentence fits in with the
meaning of the text before and after the gap.

To help you do this, some words and phrases are
written in bold. These show connections between
the language in the text and the language in
the missing sentences. A number of grammatical
words such as them, this and these are written in
italics to show further connections.

Note: these connections are not shown in the
First examination.

• Now look at gap number 1. The words in bold
before and after the gap indicate that the
missing sentence:

a refers back to the words uncomplicated and
get points

b refers forward to the different ways of getting
points.

When you think you have found the sentence,
read the whole paragraph again to check that it fits.

• Now complete each of the remaining gaps
with an appropriate sentence. Do not choose
a sentence simply because it contains a
word which also appears in the base text.
For example, the word obstacles, before gap
number 2, is repeated in sentence G, but this
does not necessarily mean that G is the correct
answer.

• When you have finished, check that the
sentence which you have not used does not fit
into any of the gaps.

2 High energy

Part 6

Reading and
Use of English

Page 41

Answer key

244

would like to apply for the post of, I used to have a job,
opportunity to volunteer, I look forward to hearing, Yours
sincerely, apply, drums, busy, well-suited.

Mark: Very good pass

Reading and Use of English: Gapped text
Pages 22–23

3
1 C 2 F 3 D 4 A 5 G 6 E B not used

Language focus 2: Gerunds and infinitives
Page 24

1
a to score: the infinitive with to is used after certain

adjectives, in this case, hard(er)

Note the structure: adjective + for someone to do something

b be done: an infinitive without to because it follows a modal
verb, in this case, can

throwing: a gerund is used after a preposition, in this case,
by

c passing: a gerund is used after certain verbs, in this case,
keep.

d to look: an infinitive with to is used after certain verbs, in
this case, need

2
1 going, to meet 2 smiling, to hit 3 to enjoy, buying
4 to take, studying 5 to let, asking

3
1 to rain, raining 2 to have 3 to play, playing
4 run, to run 5 to drink 6 using

4
detest, hate, can’t stand, don’t like, don’t mind, quite like,
really enjoy, love, absolutely adore

5
interested in

fond of

good/bad at

bored with

excited about

Vocabulary 2: Sport Page 25

1
a kick, posts b score c passed d pieces d pitch

2
do gymnastics

go skiing, cycling, swimming

play volleyball, tennis, basketball, football, golf

3a
2 footbally 3 golf 4 skiing 5 athletics 6 cycling

b
red card – football

fairway – golf

gears – cycling

lift – skiing

service – tennis

triple jump – athletics

4a
1 take 2 beat 3 win 4 hit 5 take 6 draw

b
1 ice hockey, figure skating, curling

2 Spain

3 silver

4 tennis, badminton, squash

5 five

6 none

Listening 2: Multiple choice Page 26

2
1 A 2 B 3 B 4 C 5 C 6 B 7 A

Word formation: Affixes Page 27

1
boxer, player, spectator, competitor, participant, listener,
organizer, runner, rider, contestant

2
employee/trainee, electrician/politician, novelist/scientist,
mountaineer/engineer

3
1 un 2 in 3 il 4 im 5 im 6 ir 7 dis

4
under too little/not enough

over too much/excessive(ly)

pre before

post after

hyper very big

micro very small

mis wrongly

re again

ex former

extra outside or beyond

Writing 2: Article Page 27

Additional material Page 202
2
Paragraph 1 c Paragraph 2 a

Paragraph 3 d Paragraph 4 b

3
It is written for readers of International Sports Weekly
magazine.

Page 42

Answer key

245

4
The style is informal.

a Contractions: doesn’t, you’ve, you’ll, I’m, you’re, don’t,
they’re

b Informal linkers: So, And, Also

c Direct questions: Have you ever seen a smile on the face
of a long distance runner? So what is the attraction of
running?

d Phrasal verbs: give up, take up, put off

5
1 c 2 a 3 b

6

Examiner’s comment

Content: Adequate coverage of points 1 and 3 but point
2 (why do you like it?) not really dealt with. The question
incites a personal response but the information given is
mostly rather general again.

Communicative achievement: Consistently neutral register
in an acceptable article format. The message would not be
entirely clear to the target reader; certainly some enthusiasm
conveyed, but why does the writer like football so much?
Some awkwardness of expressions may distract target
reader, and the final sentence is obscure.

Organization: Four paragraphs including an introduction
and conclusion. Conventional paragraph links (Firstly,
Secondly). Some sentence links (although, if, because of).

Language: Reasonably accurate. One missing verb (I
extremely fond of – a slip?), one spelling mistake (usuful)
one false agreement (professionals teams). The problem
is awkwardness rather than pure inaccuracy (positive
error). Final sentence doesn’t communicate. Doesn’t have
all the vocabulary (occupy with them, many particularities,

big football courts) though makes good attempts (fond of,
anything else apart from football, go into training, because
of the injuries). Some variety of structures, some complex
sentences.

Mark: Pass

Review 2 Pages 28–29

Word formation

1
1 undersleep 2 overlittle 3 oversing 4 missucceed
5 dislove 6 unglad

2
1 undercharged 2 overgrown 3 overslept
4 misspelt/misspelled 5 disappearance 6 uncommon

Reading and Use of English: Word formation

1 spectators 2 distance 3 participants
4 walker 5 extraordinary 6 performance
7 unlikely 8 physically

Gerunds and infinitives

1 to write 2 getting 3 tapping 4 to have 5 talking
6 to study 7 to open 8 putting

Vocabulary

A Sport
1 course, hole

2 referee, pitch

3 hit/get, racket/racquet

4 lift, slope(s)/run(s)

5 part, place

6 beat, draw

B Music

1 on the radio 2 play a tune 3 in the charts
4 session musicians 5 in tune 6 mime a song
7 on tour 8 play a track

Unit 3 A change for the better?

Vocabulary: Technology Page 30

2
2 bye 3 out 4 by 5 know 6 in my opinion
7 happy birthday 8 for your information 9 on
10 I see what you mean

Reading and Use of English: Multiple choice
Pages 30–32

2
The effects are mentioned in paragraphs 4–6.

3
1 B 2 D 3 A 4 C 5 B 6 D

Sample answer

In the world, as I know, there are a lot of sports that
are very interesting and everyone can occupy with
them like, for example, football, basketball, volleyball
and so on. But in my opinion, the most famous and
the most interesting, in the world, is football. Firstly,
I extremely fond of this kind of entertainment (I say
this because for me and my friends, football is the
same thing with the entertainment). We play football
everyday and everywhere. We love it and anything else
apart from football is boring for us. Once again I love
it. Secondly, football has many particularities. Special
equipment and special clothes are usuful. Although
the professionals teams play in big football courts,
the children play football everywhere. If you want
to become a good and a famous football player you
must go into training everyday with many efforts but
because of the injuries you must be careful.

For all these reasons, I have the impression that this
particular sport is lovely and I believe that there is
nobody who watch this sport.

By Loukas Geronikolaou

178 words

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