Download Rockwell_A Primer for Classical Literary Tibetan-V1 PDF

TitleRockwell_A Primer for Classical Literary Tibetan-V1
File Size25.0 MB
Total Pages336
Table of Contents
                            A Primer for Classical Literary Tibetan 1 of 3
A Primer for Classical Literary Tibetan 2 of 3
A Primer for Classical Literary Tibetan 3 of 3
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

J

I

I

J

I
J

I
J

A Primer
.. fOF

ClassicalLiteraryTibetan

.Volume1: TheGrammar

JOhIl Rockwell,Jr.

··1111

Page 168

Lesson 12 142

found, or by giving no introduction at all.

1) Introducingthe quote:Usually the quote will be introduced with the title of the text from which

it is drawn, and generally this title will be followed by the source particle�~�J �~ - or less frequently by the LOP
particle. Most likely, the titlewill be in an abbreviated form. Sometimes just the author's name (followed by
the agentive particle) will introduce thequote.

"" e-, "" �~ "" "" "".....-q4�~�- �~ 0) -�~ �~ 1 q�~�. �~ ."l ?0) -04'i -�~ �~ -UJ C.0) -4�~�- �~ q-�~ 'il 1-6�~ .�~ 1 MM 8:1
In theSuiuillckbu. it is said, "If there is no meditation, there is also noprajfia."

<, �~ <, �~ <, <, <, -e:

�q�4�~�-�~�<�3�1�-�~�~�1 �q�~�~�-�~�?�O�l�- �~�l�-�"�J�~�- UJc-<31- �4�~�-�~�q�- �~�l�l �1�-�6�~�-�~�1
n. (S)I n. • iv. (LOP) adv, (T) • n. • iv. ·1 I(Q) (CP)I
Suhrillekha from: meditation not exist as also praji'Ui not exist end of quote.
ADV.PHRASE SUBJ. VERB ADV. SUBJ. VERB

UOTE

-e: "" e-, c-, �~�.�.�.�.�.�- -e: ""q�~�l�- B�c�-�~�~�l �~ �~�~ -�~�- �~�c�.�. q�~�O�) -0) - �~�l�-�~�~ �~ -q �~ 1 �l�~�~ -'ic-l MM 204B: 1-2
In the�A�~�h�t�a�s�a�h�a�s�r�i�k�a�, it is taught, "The nature of mind is luminous clarity."

-e:

�q�~�l�-�~�c�-�~�~�l

num. (LOP)I
8,000 in:
ADV. PHRASE

"" �~
�~�~�~�-�~�-

n. (R)
mind of
SUBJECT

UOTE

�~ �~

�~�c�-�q�~�<�3�1�·�3�i�-

n.(T) •
natureasfor

-r: -r:

�~�l�-�~�~�~�-�q�~�l

n. (CP)I
lwninous [is].
PRED. NOM.

<,

�l�~�~�-�l�c�-�l

I(Q) (CO)I
end of quote and

e-, -r: e-, "".....-

�~ �-�~ < �~�~�l �~�r �~�- q - �~ -cO)-�~�l�~�-�"�J�- �~ 1 �l�~ �l�-�~�~�- �~ c �~�'�i�-�U�l�'�i�· �~ -�r�.�~�.�J 0) 1 �l�~�~ �-�~ �~�~ -'ic-l MM 279B
. �~ �~

Nagarjuna has taught: There is not the slightest difference/ Betweensamsaraandnirvana.
e-, -e:

�~�·�~�q�-�~�~�l �~�r�~�-�q�- �O�J�,�-�c�~�-�~�l�~�-�~�-�~�l
�~ �~

"" -r:
�1�~�~�·�~�~�~�-�l�c�-�1

name(A)I n. • n. (LOP)I
Nag¥iunaby samsara nirvanaas for
AGENT ADVERB PRHASE

VOTE

In. adj. •
differencea little
SUBJECT

iv. neg. iv.l I(Q) etc.(CO)I
exist is not. lend quote etc.and
VERB

"".....- "" .....-
2) Closing the quote:At the end of the quote will invariably be a�~�~ .�~ 1 or �~�~ -�~ �~ �c�~ -�~ 1or

the like. Since scriptural quotations are taken from texts by the Buddha or other equally esteemed teachers, the

verb used for these quotes is invariably the honorific verb�~ �~ �c�~ -. If more than one quote is being given
<,

from the same or a related text, the first quote can end with�~�~ -l c.-1 and the next quote will immediately
follow this.

3) Incompletequotes: If the author is giving only part of a scriptural passage, he can indicate that
.....- "".....-

the text continues by placing the "etc." particle�~ �1�~ -after the quote, e.g.,�-�6�~ �-�~ �-�~ �-�~�~�~ �-�~�-�1�~�c�~ �-�~ _. -or
"" .....-

the more abbreviated-() �~ -�~ �~ �~ -, whichmeans"thusitis said, and so on." In any case, it is rare that an
author needs to avail himself of this phrase.

Page 169

Lesson 12 143

-.r C\... C\..., C\...., C\... , C\... C\... -.r ,

�d�)�~�_�-�~ -'i �~ �c�-�~ �-�4�~ -�~�- q -0] -'i- �q�~�O�] -CT] �4�<�f�]�_�~�-�~ �~�- �~ �c�-�-�~ �~�- �4�~ -q �~ �-�~ 1 TT
[One] should know the "dharmadhatu" as tathagatagarbha.

<,

�~�~�. �~�c�- �-�~�~ 1 ------ --- �~ -_. -- �~ �~�~�. �~�~�i �-�~�~ -_. MINT 145:3-5
'...:>

Rechungpa said, " "

c. Quotations ofconversationalspeech, or song:The subjectwho" is doing the speakingas well
as the indirect object (the person being spoken to, which is usually not given, but is understood from the

context) are placed before the quotation itself. Sometimes, thereisno4'i- separating the agent from the
quote.

4) Verse quotes:One way to often recognize when a quote is being givenis to note if the linesare
suddenly in meter, whereas before they were prose. This is a simple chore of counting the number of
syllables in a line, and if they all have the same number, it is in meter and there is a strong chance that either
the writer has burst into song in the midst of his exposition or that he is quoting a text.A common format is
"for a verse to have four lines. (We will cover the different kinds and styles of meterlater.)

b. Names, Topics or Quotes singled out forcommentaryor ""explanation: In commentaries
,,",, <,

or philosophical treatises,�~�~ -, �~�~ .�~�- ," or �~�~ .�~ -q - will often be used toselectout a word, phrase, or
sentence for discussion or explanation. In a commentary, this selection can indicate a quote from a root text

, "
that is being commented upon. When a name or term is given, often it is followed by the phrase�~�~ �~�"�~ -q- •

'"" e-, <, C', e-, -.r '"
�'�i�-�q�~�0�]�-�C�T�]�4�1�~�-�t�:�~�I�~�- �~�C�-�-�"�'�l�~�- �-�4�~�1�-�~�J�~�: �~�1

n.(R) n. (LOP) tv. (LOP) avo ./
tatbagataof �-�-�-�-�-�-�-�-�-�-�w�~�b�~�~�~ know should.
ADVERB VERB

, '"
�4�~�-�~�-�q�-�0�]�-

(Q) tvn. • (T)
_"whatis called

-.r C\... C\...

�f�f�i�~�-�~�- �'�i�~�c�-�~�-

n. (R) n. -
dhannaof reabn
DIRECT OBJECT

)

I
J

I
I
}

c-,
�~ - 04 Q, - �~�f�)�,�J�. �3�j�~ 1 --------- --�C�T�]�~ �c�-�-�~ -f),J _. -- MINT 77: 3-6

The guru said, " "

In a more informal style of conversation, the quote particle is often omitted, and there is just a verb forttto
say" after the quote.

'" ,"', '""
UJC--CT] �~�"�~�. 0] -�~ 1 84-N-�~�"�~ �-�~ -'i-'i- 5�-�<�f�]�~�-�O�]�-�q�~�C�T�]�~�-�~�~ 1MINT 8:7-8

�~

Moreover, one [person] said, "Where does Milarepa livenow'?"
C'\. <, '"

<, <,

UJ c CT] -6CT] - �O�]�-�~�l �O�4�-�N�~�~�~�·�~�-�'�i�- �'�i�.�~�- �C�T�]�~�-�O�)�- �q�~�C�T�]�~ - �~�~�l
�~

adv. • num. - tv. -/ nameda.> adv.- ipr, (LOP) iv. • tv.../also one said: Milarepathat now what? at live said.
ADV. AGENT(1) VERB (1) SUBJECT(2) ADV. ADV. VERB (2) VERB (1)

d. Quotations of thought:Quotations of thought often appear without the closingquote,particle,but
rather with just the "thinking" verb.

Page 335

English Index

j

1

)

J

1

J

j

1

Abbreviation:
- for parsing
- for text names
- for compoundwords

Adjectives
Adverbs:

C\.

�~�~ - etc.

?-etc.
'\,:)

�O�)�~�-

Agentiveparticle:
Nominal use
Verbaluse

Alphabet
tl And/or" particle

Questionmarker
Apposition
Appositionalrelativeclauses
Auxiliary verbs
Causativeverbs
Comparativeparticle:

Nominal use
Verbaluse

Completionparticle
Compoundswords
Concessiveparticle:

Nominaluse
Verbaluse

Continuativeparticle
Consonants
Contradiction
Coordinatingparticle:

'lc--

Correlativeclauses
Dictionaryorder
Diminuativeparticle
Directobject

Dual
Etc.particle
Equivalence
Gerunds
Goal
Hypotheticalquestionparticle
Honorifics
Identity
ImperativeMood
Indefinitearticle
Indirectobject
Infinitive
Instrument

C\.

�~�~ - etc.

Appendix4
12.1
5.7
4.4

7.5

7.6

8.3

7.5
9.2
1.2
8.5
8.5
5.8
8.2
9.6, 17.1-5
9.6

8.3
10.1, 11.5
6.7
5.5

6.10
11.2
10.2
1.3
9.4, 10.2, 10.4, 11.2

5.3, 10.3

10.4

9.4

13.2
3.5
15.5
�7�.�2�~ 7.4, 7.6,8.1,
9.4, 16.1, 16.2
4.8
5.4
7.9
8.1
7.9
12.3
15.1
7.9
14.1
4.7
7.2,7.9
7.3,9.4

7.5

�O�)�~ -

Liaison
Lists
Locative/Objective/Purposeparticle:

Nominaluse .
Verbaluse

Locativeparticle:
Nominal use
Verbaluse

MainLetter
Meter
Negationwords
Noparticle
Nouns
Numbers
Numerals
Parsing

Participles
Particles,use of

Phoneticization
Plural
Poetry
Possessiveparticle
Possessorparticle
Precative
Prefix letters
Prepositionalphraseoflocation
Pronouns:

Correlative
Demonstrative
Indefinite
Interrogative
Personal
Reflexive
Relative

Pronunciation

"Protectiontl of main letter
Punctuation

Purpose
Questions
Quoteparticle
Reasonparticle
Relationalparticle:

Nominal use
Verbaluse

Relativeclauses
Sanskrit:

prefixes
transcriptionof

Sentence:
compound/complex
structureof

Sevenmeanings'of (),J - :

Nominaluse
Verbaluse

Simultaneity

Sourceparticle

8.3'

3.1
5.3-4, 10.2

6.9, 7.6, 16.2
9.4, 16.2

6.9,7.6
9.5
2.1, 3.4
18.1
7.7
6.5, 7.4,10.5
4.2
4.9
15.6
6.1

Appendix4
8
5.1,9.1

Appendix3
1.2
4.8
18.1
4.3
4.2
14.2
3.1
7.6

13.2
4.6
8.4
8.4
4.6
15.2
8.4, 13.2
1,2,3

Appendix2 .
2.2,3.1
6.4

Appendix3
7.6,9.4
8.4, 8.5
12.2
9.3

5.3
11.1
8.2, 13;.2

5.6
Appendix6

9.1
6.3, 6.8, 7..2

6.9,7.6
9.4
9.4, 10.1, 10.2,
10.3, 10.4

Page 336

Nominal use
Verbaluse

Spelling
Suffix letters

Second
Subscribedletters
Succession
Superscribedletters
Syllable
Table of contents
Topicpanicle
Transliteration
Verbs:

Active/causative
Auxiliary
Compound
Existence
Linking
Nonseparative
Passive/fruitional
Separative
Tense and mood
Transitive/intransitive

Vocative
Vowels
Words:

formation of
order
structureof

English Index

8.3
10.1
1,2,3
3.2
3.3
2.3
8.3, 10.1, 10.2, 10.4
2.2
2.1
12.1
6.6
1.1-2

9.6
9.6, 17.1-5
7.6, 16.3
6.8
6.3
16.1
16.1
16.1
7.3, 17.1-5
7.2, 16.1
7.4
1.4

4.1
4.10
2.1

310

Similer Documents