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Table of Contents
                            Hook-Ups Book
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	Table Of Contents
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

DESIGN
OF FLUID

SYSTEMS

H
O

O
K

-U
P

S

Page 2

Published by

$19.95 per copy

First Printing January, 1968
Second Edition – First Printing October, 1968

Third Edition – First Printing May, 1970
Fourth Edition – First Printing September, 1974

Fifth Edition – First Printing August, 1975
Sixth Edition – First Printing May, 1978

Seventh Edition – First Printing September, 1981
Eighth Edition – First Printing January, 1987
Ninth Edition – First Printing April, 1990
Tenth Edition – First Printing January, 1991

Eleventh Edition – First Printing April, 1997
Twelfth Edition – First Printing June, 2000

Second Printing June, 2001

Copyright © 2004
by Spirax Sarco, Inc.

All Rights Reserved
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a

retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise,

without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Spirax Sarco, Inc.
1150 Northpoint Blvd. Blythewood, SC 29016

Phone: (803) 714-2000
Fax: (803) 714-2222

www.spiraxsarco.com/us

II

Page 80

74

SYSTEM
D
ESIG

N

Conversions

Table 33: Conversions
To Convert Into Multiply by

A
Acres sq. feet 43,560.0
Atmospheres cms. of mercury 76.0
Atmospheres ft. of water (at 4°C) 33.90
Atmospheres in. of mercury (at 0°C) 29.92
Atmospheres kgs./sq. cm. 1.0333
Atmospheres pounds/sq. in. 14.70

B
Barrels (U.S. liquid) gallons 31.5
Barrels (oil) gallons (oil) 42.0
Btu foot-lbs 778.3
Btu grams-calories 252.0
Btu horsepower-hrs. 3.931 x 10-4
Btu kilowatt-hrs 2.928 x 10-4
Btu/hr. horsepower 3.931 x 10-4
Btu/hr. watts 0.2931

C
Calories, gram (mean) B.t.u. (mean) 3.9685 x 10-3
Centigrade Fahrenheit 9/5(C° + 40) -40
Centimeters feet 3.281 x 10-2
Centimeters inches 0.3937
Centimeters mils 393.7
Centimeters of mercury atmospheres 0.01316
Centimeters of mercury feet of water 0.4461
Centimeters of mercury pounds/sq. in. 0.1934
Circumference radians 6.283
Cubic centimeters cu. feet 3.531 x 10-5
Cubic centimeters cu. inches 0.06102
Cubic centimeters gallons (U.S. liq.) 2.642 x 10-4
Cubic feet cu. cms. 28,320.0
Cubic feet cu. inches 1,728.0
Cubic feet gallons (U.S. liq.) 7.481
Cubic feet liters 28.32
Cubic feet quarts (U.S. liq.) 29.92
Cubic feet/min. gallons/sec. 0.1247
Cubic feet/min. pounds of water/min. 62.43
Cubic inches cu. cms. 16.39
Cubic inches gallons 4.329 x 10-3
Cubic inches quarts (U.S. liq.) 0.01732
Cubic meters cu. feet 35.31
Cubic meters gallons (U.S. liq) 264.2
Cubic yards cu. feet 27.0
Cubic yards cu. meters 0.7646
Cubic yards gallons (U.S. liq.) 202.0

D
Degrees (angle) radians 0.01745
Drams (apothecaries’ or troy) ounces (avoirdupois) 0.13714
Drams (apothecaries’ or troy) ounces (troy) 0.125
Drams (U.S. fluid or apothecary) cubic cm. 3.6967
Drams grams 1.772
Drams grains 27.3437
Drams ounces 0.0625

F
Fahrenheit centigrade 5/9(F + 40) - 40
Feet centimeters 30.48
Feet kilometers 3.048 x 10-4
Feet meters 0.3048
Feet miles (naut.) 1.645 x 10-4
Feet miles (stat.) 1.894 x 10-4
Feet of water atmospheres 0.02950
Feet of water in. of mercury 0.8826
Feet of water kgs./sq. cm. 0.03045
Feet of water kgs./sq. meter 304.8
Feet of water pounds/sq. ft. 62.43
Feet of water pounds/sq. in. 0.4335
Foot-pounds Btu 1.286 x 10-3
Foot-pounds gram-calories 0.3238
Foot-pounds hp.-hrs. 5.050 x 10-7
Foot-pounds kilowatt-hrs. 3.766 x 10-7
Foot-pounds/min. Btu/min. 1.286 x 10-8
Foot-pounds/min. horsepower 3.030 x 10-5
Foot-pounds/sec. Btu/hr. 4.6263
Furlongs miles 0.125

To Convert Into Multiply by
Furlongs feet 660.0

G
Gallons cu. cms. 3,785.0
Gallons cu. feet 0.1337
Gallons cu. inches 231.0
Gallons cu. meters 3.785 x 10-3
Gallons cu. yards 4.951 x 10-3
Gallons liters 3.785
Gallons (liq. Br. Imp.) gallons (U.S. liq.) 1.20095
Gallons (U.S.) gallons (Imp.) 0.83267
Gallons of water pounds of water 8.3453
Gallons/min. cu. ft./sec. 2.228 x 10-3
Gallons/min. liters/sec. 0.06308
Gallons/min. cu. ft./hr. 8.0208
Grains (troy) grains (avdp.) 1.0
Grains (troy) grams 0.06480
Grains (troy) ounces (avdp.) 0.286 x 10-3
Grains (troy) pennyweight (troy) 0.04167
Grains/U.S. gal. parts/million 17.118
Grains/U.S. gal. pounds/million gal. 142.86
Grains/lmp. gal. parts/million 14.286
Grams grains 15.43
Grams ounces (avdp.) 0.03527
Grams ounces (troy) 0.03215
Grams poundals 0.07093
Grams pounds 2.205 x 10-3
Grams/liter parts/million 1,000.0
Gram-calories Btu 3.9683 x 10-3
Gram-caloories foot-pounds 3.0880
Gram-calories kilowatt-hrs. 1.1630 x 10-4
Gram-calories watt-hrs. 1.1630 x 10-3

H
Horsepower Btu/min. 42.40
Horsepower foot-lbs./min. 33,000.
Horsepower foot-lbs./sec. 550.0
Horsepower (metric) horsepower 0.9863

(542.5 ft. lb./sec.) (550 ft. lb./sec.)
Horsepower horsepower (metric) 1.014

(550 ft. lb./sec.) (542.5 ft. lb./sec.)
Horsepower kilowatts 0.7457
Horsepower watts 745.7
Horsepower (boiler) Btu/hr. 33,520.
Horsepower (boiler) kilowatts 9.803
Horsepower-hrs. Btu 2,547.
Horsepower-hrs. foot-lbs. 1.98 x 106
Horsepower-hrs. kilowatt-hrs. 0.7457

I
Inches centimeters 2.540
Inches meters 2.540 x 10-2
Inches millimeters 25.40
Inches yards 2.778 x 10-2
Inches of mercury atmospheres 0.03342
Inches of mercury feet of water 1.133
Inches of mercury kgs./sq. cm. 0.03453
Inches of mercury kgs./sq.meter 345.3
Inches of mercury pounds/sq. ft. 70.73
Inches of mercury pounds/sq. in. 0.4912
Inches of water (at 4°C) atmospheres 2.458 x 10-3
Inches of water (at 4°C) inches of mercury 0.07355
Inches of water (at 4°C) kgs./sq./ cm. 2.538 x 10-3
Inches of water (at 4°C) ounces/sq. in. 0.5781
Inches of water (at 4°C) pounds/sq. ft. 5.204
Inches of water (at 4°C) pounds/sq. in. 0.03613

J
Joules Btu 9.480 x 10-4

K
Kilograms grams 1,000.0
Kilograms pounds 2.205
Kilograms/cu. meter pounds/cu. ft. 0.06243
Kilograms/cu. meter pounds/cu. in. 3.613 x 10-5
Kilograms/sq. cm. atmospheres 0.9678
Kilograms/sq. cm. feet of water 32.84

Page 81

75

SYSTEM
D
ESIG

N

Conversions

Table 33: Conversions
To Convert Into Multiply by

Kilograms/sq. cm. inches of mercury 28.96
Kilograms/sq. cm. pounds/sq. ft. 2,048
Kilograms/sq. cm. pounds/sq. in. 14.22
Kilograms/sq. meter atmospheres 9.678 x 10-5
Kilograms/sq. meter feet of water 3.281 x 10-3
Kilograms/sq. meter inches of mercury 2.896 x 10-3
Kilograms/sq. meter pounds/sq. ft. 0.2048
Kilograms/sq. meter pounds/sq. in. 1.422 x 10-3
Kilograms/sq. mm. kgs./sq. meter 106
Kilogram-calories Btu 3.968
Kilogram-calories foot-pounds 3,088.
Kilogram-calories hp-hrs. 1.560 x 10-3
Kilogram-calories kilowatt-hrs. 1.163 x 10-3
Kilogram meters Btu 9.294 x 10-3
Kilometers centimeters 105
Kilometers feet 3,281.
Kilometers miles 0.6214
Kilowatts Btu/min. 56.87
Kilowatts foot-lbs/min. 4.426 x 104
Kilowatts foot-lbs/sec. 737.6
Kilowatts horsepower 1.341
Kilowatts watts 1,000.0
Kilowatt-hrs Btu 3,413.
Kilowatt-hrs. foot-lbs. 2.655 x 106
Kilowatt-hrs horsepower-hrs 1.341
Knots statute miles/hr. 1.151

L
Liters cu. cm. 1,000.0
Liters cu. feet 0.03531
Liters cu. inches 61.02
Liters gallons (U.S. liq.) 0.2642

M
Meters centimeters 100.0
Meters feet 3.281
Meters inches 39.37
Meters millimeters 1,000.0
Meters yards 1.094
Microns inches 39.37 x 10-6
Microns meters 1 x 10-6
Miles (statute) feet 5.280.
Miles (statute) kilometers 1.609
Miles/hr. cms./sec. 44.70
Miles/hr. feet/min. 88.
Mils inches 0.001
Mils yards 2.778 x 10-5

N
Nepers decibels 8.686

O
Ohms megohms 10-6
Ohms microhms 106
Ounces (avoirdupois) drams 16.0
Ounces (avoirdupois) grains 437.5
Ounces (avoirdupois grams 28.35
Ounces (avoirdupois) pounds 0.0625
Ounces (avoirdupois ounces (troy) 0.9115
Ounces (troy) grains 480.0
Ounces (troy) grains 31.10
Ounces (troy) ounces (avdp.) 1.09714
Ounces (troy) pounds (troy) 0.08333

P
Parts/million grains/U.S. gal. 0.0584
Parts/million grains/lmp. gal 0.07016
Parts/million pounds/million gal. 8.33
Pounds (avoirdupois) ounces (troy) 14.58
Pounds (avoirdupois) drams 256.
Pounds (avoirdupois) grains 7,000.
Pounds (avoirdupois) grams 453.59
Pounds (avoirdupois) kilograms 0.454
Pounds (avoirdupois) ounces 16.0
Pounds (avoirdupois) tons (short) 0.0005

To Convert Into Multiply by

Pounds (troy) ounces (avdp.) 13.1657
Pounds of water cu. feet 0.01602
Pounds of water cu. inches 27.68
Pounds of water gallons 0.1198
Pounds of water/min. cu. ft/sec. 2.670 x 10-4
Pounds/cu. ft. grams/cu. cm. 0.01602
Pounds/cu. ft. kgs./cu. meter 16.02
Pounds/cu. ft. pounds/cu. in. 5.787 x 10-4
Pounds/cu. in. pounds/cu. ft. 1,728.
Pounds/sq. ft. atmospheres 4.725 x 10-4
Pounds/sq. ft. feet of water 0.01602
Pounds/sq. ft. inches of mercury 0.01414
Pounds/sq. in. atmospheres 0.06804
Pounds/sq. in. feet of water 2.307
Pounds/sq. in. inches of mercury 2.036
Pounds/sq. in. kgs./sq. meter 703.1
Pounds/sq. in. pounds/sq. ft. 144.0

R
Radians degrees 57.30
Revolutions/min. degrees/sec. 6.0
Revolutions/min. radians/sec. 0.1047
Revolutions/min. revs./sec. 0.01667

S
Square centimeters sq. feet 1.076 x 10-3
Square centimeters sq. inches 0.1550
Square centimeters sq. meters 0.0001
Square centimeters sq. millimeters 100.0
Square feet acres 2.296 x 10-5
Square feet sq. cms. 929.0
Square feet sq. inches 144.0
Square feet sq. miles 3.587 x 10-6
Square inches sq. cms. 6.452
Square inches sq. feet 6.944 x 10-3
Square inches sq. yards 7.716 x 10-4
Square meters sq. feet 10.76
Square meters sq. inches 1,550.
Square meters sq. millimeters 106
Square meters sq. yards 1.196
Square millimeters sq. inches 1.550 x 10-3
Square yards sq. feet 9.0
Square yards sq. inches 1,296.
Square yards sq. meters 0.8361

T
Temperature (°C) + 273 absolute temperature (°C) 1.0
Temperature (°C) + 17.78 temperature (°F) 1.8
Temperature (°F) + 460 absolute temperature (°F) 1.0
Temperature (°F) - 32 temperature (°C) 5/9
Tons (long) kilograms 1,016.
Tons (long) pounds 2,240.
Tons (long) tons (short) 1.120
Tons (metric) kilograms 1,000.
Tons (metric) pounds 2,205.
Tons (short) kilograms 907.2
Tons (short) pounds 2,000.
Tons (short) tons (long) 0.89287
Tons of water/24 hrs. pounds of water/hr. 83.333
Tons of water/24 hrs. gallons/min. 0.16643
Tons of water/24 hrs. cu. ft./hr. 1.3349

W
Watts Btu/hr. 3.4129
Watts Btu/min. 0.05688
Watts horsepower 1.341 x 10-3
Watts horsepower (metric) 1.360 x 10-3
Watts kilowatts 0.001
Watts (Abs.) B.t.u. (mean)/min. 0.056884
Watt-hours Btu 3.413
Watt-hours horsepower-hrs. 1.341 x 10-3

Y
Yards centimeters 91.44
Yards kilometers 9.144 x 10-4
Yards meters 0.9144

Page 159

153

Group Companies and Sales Offices

Argentina
Spirax Sarco S.A.
Ruta Panamericana Km. 24,900
1611 Don Torcuato
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Australia
Spirax Sarco Pty. Limited
P.O. Box 6308
Delivery Centre
Blacktown
N.S.W. 2148, Australia
Austria
Spirax Sarco Ges.m.b.H.
Eisgrubengasse 2/PF 41
A-2334 Vosendorf-Sud.
Austria
Belgium
Spirax Sarco N. V.
Industriepark Zwijnaarde 5
9052 Gent - Zwijnaarde
Belgium
Brazil
Spirax Sarco Ind. E Com Ltda
Rodovia Raposo Tavares Km. 31
Caixa Postal 143
06700-000. Cotia S.P.
Brazil

Canada
Spirax Sarco Canada Limited
383 Applewood Crescent
Concord
Ontario L4K 4J3, Canada

China
Spirax Sarco Engineering (China) Ltd.
No. 107 Gui Qing Road
Caohejing Hi Tech Park
Shanghai, China
Postcode 200233

Colombia
Spirax Sarco Internacional Ltda
Apartado Aereo 32484
Cali (Valle)
Colombia, South America

Czech Republic
Spirax Sarco Spol. s. r. o.
V korytech (areal nakladoveho nadrazi CD)
100 00 Praha 10 Strasnice
Czech Republic

Denmark
Spirax Sarco Limited
Birkedommervej - 31
2400-Copenhagen N.V., Denmark

East Africa
Spirax Sarco Limited
3rd Floor (above Gilani’s)
ABC Place, Waryaki Way
Westlands, Nairobi
Kenya

Finland
Spirax Oy
Sorvaajankatu 9
00810 Helsinki, Finland

France
Spirax Sarco S.A.
B P 61
F 78193 Trappes
Cedex, France
Germany
Spirax Sarco GmbH
Postfach 10 20 42
D-78420 Konstanz, Germany

Hygromatik Lufttechnischer
Apparatebau GmbH
Lise-Meitner-StraBe 3
D-24558 Henstedt-Ulzburg
Germany
Great Britain
Spirax Sarco Limited
Head Office
Charlton House, Cheltenham
Gloucestershire, GL53 8ER
Great Britain
Hong Kong
See Singapore
Hungary
Spirax Sarco Ltd.
11-1143 Budapest
Zászlós u. 18.
Hungary
India
Spirax Marshall Limited
P.B. No. 29
Bombay Poona Road
Kasarwadi
Pune 411 034, India
Indonesia
See Singapore
Italy
Spirax Sarco Srl
Via Per Cinisello, 18
20054 Nova Milanese
Milano, Italy
Japan
Spirax Sarco (Japan) Limited
2-37, Hamada, Mihamaku
Chiba 261-0025
Japan
Korea
Spirax Sarco Korea Limited
3rd-5th Floor, Jungwoo Building
1552-8 Seocho-dong
Seocho-ku
Seoul 137-070, Korea
Lebanon
Spirax Sarco Resident Engineer
P.O. Box 11-3052
Beirut, Lebanon
Malaysia
Spirax Sarco Sdn Bhd
25, Jalan PJS 11/1
Bandar Sunway
46150 Petaling Jaya
Selangor Darul Ehsan
West Malaysia
Mexico
Spirax Sarco Mexicana S.A. de CV
Apartado Postal 5287-K
Monterrey NL
64000 - Mexico
New Zealand
Spirax Sarco Limited
P.O. Box 76-160
Manukau City
Auckland, New Zealand
Nigeria
Spirax Sarco Sales Representative
Cakasa Company Ltd.
96 Palm Ave.
P.O. Box 871
Mushin, Lagos, Nigeria
Norway
Spirax Sarco Limited (Norge)
P.O. Box 47
1483 Skytta, Norway

Pakistan
Spirax Sarco Sales Representative
2-C Gulistan-E-Zafar P.R.E.C.H.S.
Near SMCHS Block B
Postal Code 74400
Karachi, Pakistan
Poland
Spirax Sarco Sp. z o.o.
Fosa 25
02-768 Warszawa, Poland
Portugal
Spirax Sarco-Equipamentos

Industrias Lda.
Rua da Quinta do Pinheiro, 8
Portela de Carnaxide
2795-653 Carnaxide, Portugal
Russia
Spirax Sarco Ltd.
(Room 1401)
4 Vozrozhdenija Str.
198097 St. Petersburg, Russia
Singapore
Spirax Sarco Pvt. Limited
464 Tagore Avenue
Upper Thomson Road
Singapore 787833
South Africa
Spirax Sarco (Pty) Ltd.
P.O. Box 925
Kempton Park 1620
Transvaal, South Africa

Spain
Spirax Sarco S.A.
Sant Josep, 130
Poligon El Pla
08980 Sant Feliu de Llobregat
Spain

Sweden
Spirax Sarco AB
Västberga Allé 60
S-126 30 Haegersten, Sweden

Switzerland
Spirax Sarco A. G.
Gustav-Maurer-Str.9
8702 Zollikon, Switzerland

Taiwan
Spirax Longbridge Limited
6th Floor
No. 8, Lane 94, Tsao Ti Wei
Shen Keng Hsiang
Taipei County
Taiwan, Republic of China
Thailand
Spirax Boonyium Limited
9th Floor, Benjaporn Building
222 Krungtep-kreetha Road
Bangkapi
Bangkok 10240, Thailand

U.S.A.
Spirax Sarco, Inc.
Northpoint Park
1150 Northpoint Blvd.
Blythewood, SC 29016

Watson-Marlow Bredel Inc.
220 Balladvale Street
Wilmington, MA 01887

Venezuela
Spirax Sarco S.A.
Apartado 81088
Caracas 1080A, Venezuela

Page 160

154

Regional Offices

NORTHEAST
Nigel Sewell
Columbus, Ohio, Hub Office
7760 Olentangy River Road
Suite 120
Columbus, OH 43235
Phone: (614) 436-8055
Fax: (614) 436-8479

MID-ATLANTIC
Ed Beedle
4647 Saucon Creek Road
Suite 102
Center City, PA 18034
Phone: (610) 807-3500
Fax: (610) 317-3279

SOUTHEAST
Bruce Moninghoff
200 Centre Port Drive
Suite 170
Greensboro, NC 27409
Phone: (336) 605-0221
Fax: (336) 605-1719

MIDWEST
Pierre Schmidt
2806 Centre Circle Drive
Downers Grove, IL 60515
Phone: (630) 268-0330
Fax: (630) 268-0336

SOUTHWEST
Jon Lye
203 Georgia Ave.
Deer Park, TX 77536
Phone: (281) 478-4002
Fax: (281) 478-4615

WEST
Mike Gillick
1930 East Carson Street,
Suite 102
Long Beach, CA 90810
Phone: (310) 549-9962
Fax: (310) 549-7909

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