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TitleSturtevants Notes on Edible Plants, Vol.2
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Page 352

338 sturtevant's notes on edible plants

find mention of the culture of flax in Russia about 969 A. D. Flax is said to have been

introduced into Ireland by the Romans, or even more remotely, by the Phoenicians, but

the earliest definite mention of linen in Ireland seems to be about 500 A. D. In England,

the statement is made that it was introduced in 1175 A. D., and Anderson, in his History

of Commerce, traces some fine linen made in England in 1253. In New England, the

growing of flax commenced with its first settlement, and as early as 1640 it received legis-
lative attention.

Lippia pseudo-thea Schau. Verbenaceae.

Brazil. In Brazil, an infusion of the leaves is highly esteemed as a tea substitute,

under the name of capitao do matto.^ Lindley
^

saj^ the leaves form an agreealbe tea.

Liriodendron tulipifera Linn. Magnoliaceae. poplar, tulip tree, whitewood.

Eastern North America. The root is used to prepare an agreeable liquor. The

Canadians use the root to correct the bitterness of spruce beer and to give it a lemon

flavor.*

Lissanthe montana R. Br. Epacrideae.
Australia. The large, white, transparent, fleshy fruits are eaten.*

L. sapida R. Br. Australian cranberry.

Australia. The berries are red and acid and are made into tarts in NewSouth Wales.*
A. Smith ' says the flesh is thin and more like that of the Siberian crab than of the

cranberry.

L. strigosa R. Br.

Australia. The fruit is eaten.^

Litobrochia sinuata Brack. Filices. royal fern.

Seemann ' says the leaves of this fern are used as a potherb by the natives of Viti.

Livistona australis Mart. Palmae. cabbage palm, gippsland palm.

Australia. The yoimg and tender leaves of this palm are eaten like cabbages.'

Lobelia sp.? Campanulaceae. lobelia.

The roots of one species are said by Thunberg "to be eaten by the Hottentots. It
is called karup.

'
Archer, T. C. Profit. Pis. 126. 1865. (Lantana psuedo-thea)

'Lindley, J. Veg. King. 663. 1846. (Lantana pseudo-thea)

Baillon, H. Hist. Pis. 1:177. i87i-
< Smith, A. Treoj. So/. 2:688. 1870.
' Don, G. Hist. Dichl. Pis. 3:776. 1834.

Smith, A. Treas. Bo/. 2:688. 1870.
' Don, G. Hist. Dichl. Pis. 3:776. 1834.

Seemann, B. Fl. Viti. 350. 1865^73.
' Smith, A. Treas. Bot. 2: 6go. 1870.

'"Thunberg Trail. 2:150. 1796.

Page 353

STURTEVANTS NOTES ON EDIBLE PLANTS 339

Lodoicea calUpyge Comm. Palmae. coco de mer. double cocoanut.

Seychelles Islands. The heart of the leaves is eaten and is often preserved in vinegar.
The fniit is the largest any tree produces, sometimes weighing 40 or 50 pounds, with a

length of 18 inches and a circumference of 3 feet. The immature fruit affords a sweet

and melting aliment.' Brandis
^

says the fruit takes several years to come to inaturity.

Lonicera angustifolia Wall. Caprifoliaceae. narrow-leaved honeysuckle.

HimalJfyan region. The sweet berry, of the size of a pea, is eaten in India.'

L. ciliata Muhl. fly honeysuckle.

Western North America. In Oregon and California, the fruit is much used by the
Indians and is considered good by white hunters.*

L. involucrata Banks.

Western North America. The fruit is eaten by the Indians of Oregon and Alaska.*

Lophophjrtum sp.? Balanophoreae.

Masters says one species is eaten in Bolivia.'

Loranthus exocarpi Behr. Loranthaceae.

Australia. The fruit is an oblong drupe about one-half inch in length. It is sweet

and is eaten raw.^

Loreya arborescens DC. Melastomaceae.

Guiana. This species furnishes gooseberry-like fruits of little value, according to

linger.'

Lotus edulis Linn. Leguminosae. bird's-foot trefoil.

Mediterranean countries. In Crete, the pods aie eaten when young as a string bean

by the poorer inhabitants.'

L. gebelia Vent.

Orient. The pods are eaten as a string bean about Aleppo.'*

L. tetragonolobus Linn, winged pea.

Mediterranean region. In France, according to Robinson," this pea is activated as

a vegetable. The pods were formerly employed, says Johns,'* as an esculent by the poor

' Seemann, B. Pop. Hist. Palms 244. 1856.

'Brandis, D. Forest Fl. 545. 1876.

Brandis, D. Forest Fl. 255. 1874.
*U. S. D.A. Rpt. 414. 1870.
'Ibid.

Masters, M. T. Treas. Bot. 2:(>i)5. 1870.
' Palmer, E. Journ. Roy. Soc. New So. Wales 17:100. 1884.
'

Unger, F. U. S. Pat. Off. Rpt. 351. 1859. (Melastoma arborescens)

Don, G. Hist. DicM. Pis. 2:195. 1832.

"Don, G. Hist. Dichl. Pis. 2:197. 1832.
"Robinson Parks, Card. Paris 504. 1878.

"Johns, C. A. Treas. Bot. 2:113$. 1870.

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