Download The Emerging Economy of Personal Fabrication - Institute for PDF

TitleThe Emerging Economy of Personal Fabrication - Institute for
LanguageEnglish
File Size2.1 MB
Total Pages104
Table of Contents
                            About the Authors
Executive Summary
Acknowledgements
Table of Contents
Introduction to personal manufacturing
	What is personal-scale manufacturing?
		Desktop 3D printers
		Desktop routers and milling machines
		Desktop laser cutters and engravers
		Desktop sewing and embroidering machines
		Desktop circuit makers
		Computer-aided design software (CAD)
	Makers, designers and aggregators
		Makers
		Aggregators
		Designers
		Machine builders
	The market
Reaching the tipping point
	Getting personal:  smaller, cheaper, easier and more fun
	The best of mass and artisan production
The emerging long tail of manufacturing
	Ecosystems of small manufacturers
	Long tail niche markets
	Economic emergence of underserved communities
	Consumer led product design
	Mass customization and crowdsourcing
	Less market research, more prototyping toolkits
	Scale up from one
	Eco-conscious, subsistence-level and space exploration
	Open source hardware
Personal manufacturing in STEM education
	Fabrication as an educational medium
	Personal fabrication as a constructionist foundation
	Harnessing the educational potential of personal fabrication
		Hardware
		Software
		Courseware and curriculum
		Teacher Training
		Student support
Barriers and challenges:  What stands in our way?
	The “chicken and the egg” paradox
	Consumer safety and quality control
	Hardware-related challenges
	Hardware and software standards
	Version control
	IP issues
	Education challenges
	Business model challenges
Recommendations for government investment
	STEM education
		Put a digital fabrication lab in every school
		Offer teacher education in fabrication technologies and relation to STEM education
		Enhance after school learning to involve manufacturing rather than consumption
		Create high quality, modular curriculum with an optional manufacturing component
	Community outreach
		Allocate federal support for pilot MEPs programs
	Technical standards
		Promote published and open hardware standards and specifications
		Develop standard file formats for blueprint design files
		Create a database of CAD files used by government agencies
	Grants & funding
		Establish an “Individual Innovation Research Program” for very small manufacturing businesses and DIY entrepreneurs
		Give RFP priority to rural manufacturers that use personal manufacturing
	IP policies
		Establish an IP “Safe Harbor” for aggregators and one-off producers
		Micro Patents – a smaller, simpler, and more agile unit of intellectual property
	Regulatory
		Re-visit consumer safety regulations for personally-fabricated products
		Introduce a more granular definition of a “small” manufacturing business
		Pass the National Fab Lab Network Act of 2010, HR 6003
	Tax credits
		“Clean company” tax benefits
		Tax-free raw materials for personal manufacturing businesses
	Further exploration and research
		Encourage an NSF/DoED study on personal digital manufacturing as a tool in STEM Education
		Learn more about user led product design
Conclusion
Bibliography
                        

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