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TitleWomen in the Age of Economic Transformation: Impact of Reforms in Post-Socialist and Developing
Author
LanguageEnglish
File Size2.1 MB
Total Pages245
Table of Contents
                            BOOK COVER
HALF-TITLE
TITLE
COPYRIGHT
DEDICATION
CONTENTS
FIGURE AND TABLES
CONTRIBUTORS
1 WOMEN AND ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION
	NOTES
Part I EASTERN EUROPE
	2 BEYOND SOCIALISM
		INTRODUCTION
		WOMEN UNDER COMMUNISM
			Employment
			Training and education
			Social policies
			Household responsibilities
			Wage differentials
		WOMEN UNDER CAPITALISM
		CONCLUSION: SPECULATIONS ON THE FUTURE PROSPECTS FOR WOMEN
		NOTE
	3 THE STATUS OF WOMEN AND POLAND’S TRANSITION TO A MARKET ECONOMY
		INTRODUCTION
		HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
		GENDER BIAS IN POLAND IN THE 1980s
			Causes of income inequality between men and women in Poland
				Educational differences
				Job market segregation—horizontal and vertical
		WELFARE EFFECTS OF ECONOMIC REFORMS ON WOMEN IN THE 1990s
			Methodology and data
			Results
			Effects of reform on women’s access to political power
		CONCLUSION
		NOTES
	4 THE ECONOMIC STATUS OF WOMEN IN ROMANIA
		INTRODUCTION
		ROMANIA BEFORE COMMUNISM
		ROMANIA UNDER COMMUNISM (1945–89)
		A SOCIETY IN TRANSITION (1989-PRESENT)
		NOTE
	5 THE EFFECT OF ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL REFORMS ON SOVIET/RUSSIAN WOMEN
		INTRODUCTION
		WOMEN IN THE SOVIET UNION: HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
		THE GORBACHEV ERA
			Women in the workforce
			Women and politics
		CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FACING RUSSIAN WOMEN IN THE 1990s
		CONCLUSION
		NOTES
Part II LESS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
	6 THE IMPACT OF ECONOMIC REFORMS ON WOMEN’S HEALTH AND HEALTH CARE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
		INTRODUCTION
		REFORMS IN SOCIAL PUBLIC SERVICES: AN OVERVIEW
		PRIVATIZATION
			Cost recovery through user charges
			Insurance schemes
			Private drug sales, practitioners and facilities
				Pharmaceutical supplies
				Professional services
			Decentralization
		NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS/ MISSION FACILITIES13
		THE NEW WORLD BANK MODEL
		CONCLUSION
		NOTES
	7 STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT, THE RURAL-URBAN INTERFACE AND GENDER RELATIONS IN ZAMBIA
		INTRODUCTION
		ZAMBIA—AN OVERVIEW
		ZAMBIA’S ON-AND-OFF RELATIONSHIP WITH THE IMF/WORLD BANK
		SAPS, GENDER AND CLASS IN ZAMBIA’S RURAL AREAS
		SAPS, GENDER AND CLASS IN LUSAKA
		URBAN-RURAL INTERCONNECTIONS
		CONCLUSION
		NOTES
	8 CHINESE WOMEN AND THE POST-MAO ECONOMIC REFORMS
		INTRODUCTION
		ECONOMIC REFORMS IN POST-MAO CHINA
			International trade and Special Economic Zones
			Rural reforms and the household responsibility system
			Urban reforms and the emphasis on efficiency
		THE POST-MAO REFORMS AND WOMEN
			Women’s employment opportunities in Special Economic Zones
			Employment impact on rural women
			Employment impact on urban women
			Intrahousehold decision-making
				Women in the Special Economic Zones
				Rural women
				Urban women
			Human development issues
		CONCLUSION
		NOTES
	9 ECONOMIC RESTRUCTURING IN SINGAPORE AND THE CHANGING ROLES OF WOMEN, 1957 TO PRESENT
		INTRODUCTION
		STRUCTURAL CHANGE IN THE SINGAPORE ECONOMY, 1957-PRESENT
		DISPARATE EFFECTS OF ECONOMIC RESTRUCTURING ON WOMEN AND MEN
		CONCLUSION
		NOTES
	10 GOVERNMENT REFORMS, ECONOMIC RESTRUCTURING, AND THE EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN: SOUTH KOREA, 1980–92
		INTRODUCTION
		ECONOMIC REFORMS AND RESTRUCTURING
			South Korea’s economic performance
		EMPLOYMENT PATTERNS FOR WOMEN AND MEN
			Workforce participation
			Employment patterns across industries
			Employment by work status
				Unpaid family work
				Self-employment
				Paid employment
			Summary of employment patterns
		CONCLUSION
		NOTES
	11 NEO-LIBERAL ECONOMIC REFORMS AND WOMEN IN CHILE
		INTRODUCTION
		ECONOMIC REFORMS UNDER PINOCHET (1973–90)
		IMPACT OF REFORMS ON WOMEN
			Poverty and social policies
			Wages and employment
			Social insurance programmes
			Health
			Politics
		CONCLUSION
		NOTES
	12 THE 1982 REFORMS AND THE EMPLOYMENT CONDITIONS OF MEXICAN WOMEN
		INTRODUCTION
		ECONOMIC REFORMS SINCE 1982
		EMPLOYMENT CONDITIONS OF WOMEN SINCE THE 1982 DEBT CRISIS
			The rural sector
			The urban sector
			The maquila industry
		CONCLUSION
		NOTES
	13 STATE POLICY AND THE RESTRUCTURING OF WOMEN’S INDUSTRIES IN NICARAGUA
		INTRODUCTION
		WOMEN AND THE STRUCTURE OF INDUSTRY IN NICARAGUA
			Methodology
			Background
		THE RESTRUCTURING RATIONALE
		RESTRUCTURING OF THE GARMENT-TEXTILE INDUSTRY AND GENDER DISCRIMINATION
		IMPACT OF PRIVATIZATION ON WORKING WOMEN
		LABOUR UNIONS’ GENDER BIAS IN RESTRUCTURING
		CONCLUSION
		NOTES
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX
                        

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